Shaker for cocktails (from the English shake - shake) - a device for mixing alcoholic and non-alcoholic drinks, as well as their rapid cooling (just add ice).
The first prototype of a cocktail shaker can be called a hollowed gourd, used to mix drinks in Mexico and South America 9 thousand years ago. Similar devices were found in ancient Egypt, the age of the finds dates back to 4 millennium BC.
In the middle of the 19th century, a certain innkeeper (his name was not preserved in history) mixed drinks by duty by pouring from one glass to another. Once he decided that it would be faster and more spectacular if you connect the vessels, then shake them well, especially since one glass was slightly larger than the other and the place of the “junction” did not leak. After this almost accidental discovery, a wave of patents followed:
- 1872 - W. Harnett, apparatus for the simultaneous mixing of 6 drinks,
- 1881 - L. Williams, mixer with leakage protection,
- 1884 - E. Hauk, a three-part cocktail shaker with a built-in strainer.
In the 1920s, shakers of various shapes were manufactured, ranging from penguins to airships, but in the 1940s, during World War II, production fell sharply, because metal was needed at the front, and factories were re-trained to produce shells. The shape of the shakers was simplified as much as possible to the appearance of a glass (according to another version - a shell). In the 1950s, alcoholic shakers “returned to duty,” but by then metal cone-shaped glasses had proved their practicality in bartending art, so the need for bizarre forms disappeared.
Shaker used to be used even as a vessel for serving drinks.
Despite the variety of shakers by type, type and shape, good bartenders can even mix a cocktail even with two tumbler glasses if necessary.
Types of Cocktail Shakers
Boston (American) - a 800 ml metal glass in which a smaller glass or plastic glass is inserted (
450 ml). It turns out a two-part design that is easy to open with one motion of the hand, so Boston shakers are often used by professional bartenders who need to serve customers as quickly as possible.
Each bowl can be used individually as a mixing bowl.
If ice is added to such a shaker, then the finished drink must be filtered through a special bar strainer - strainer.
Strainer (bar sieve) - a must-have accessory for Boston and French shakers
Benefits of the Boston Shaker:
- quickly assembled (it takes fractions of a second to insert a smaller glass into a larger one)
- easy to clean.
- the glass part is too fragile and may break
- To remove ice, you need an additional accessory - a strainer.
Cobbler (European) - It is made of both stainless steel and plastic, it is a three-part device (glass, lid, strainer). The lid can be used as a measuring cup, replacing the jigger.
Cobbler (European Shaker)
The European shaker is well suited for beginners - thanks to the built-in strainer it is easier to use. Another cobbler looks stylish.
- a huge variety of sizes and shapes is available,
- no need to buy a strainer,
- easy to use
- decorates any bar, including home.
- mixing cocktails takes longer
- doesn’t open as easily as a Boston shaker,
- it freezes quickly, the metal is compressed, as a result, the structure is difficult to disassemble and unpleasant to hold in your hands,
- harder to wash
- too large strainer allows the smallest fractions to pass through.
French (continental) - a large metal glass with a domed lid without an integrated strainer.
Continental (French) Shaker
- easy to use
- easy to clean.
- hard to find on sale
- high price,
- make a cocktail longer than in a Boston shaker,
- when using ice, the metal cools very much, so the continental shaker is unpleasant to hold in your hands,
- requires a strainer.
Electric alcohol shaker - strictly speaking, it does not belong to the classical family of shakers, since in the official guides for bartenders usually only three types are indicated. In fact, this is an ordinary blender that does not require the use of physical force, but the process of mixing a cocktail does not look so beautiful.
How to choose a cocktail shaker
The most important thing is how the shaker will be used. Cobbler looks beautiful and easy to use, but not very practical when speed is important, so it is more suitable for home bars or small establishments.
You can mix two portions of a cocktail at a time with a Boston shaker, it is easy to take it apart and wash it, so the process of preparation is much faster.
The French model is the most elegant, but due to the two metal parts and the lack of a strainer, the least practical. In this design, you can mix small portions of cocktails, the work moves relatively slowly, but beautifully.
The cocktail recipe does not affect the choice of the shaker. The main criterion is personal preference and the convenience of the bartender.
How to use a shaker
The shaker bowl is filled with ice (if provided by the recipe), then the ingredients of the cocktail with different densities are added - usually it is strong alcohol, juice, liquor, syrup, etc. Then the shaker is collected (the upper part is placed) and shaken vigorously for 10-20 seconds, after which the finished cocktail is poured into a glass, in the case of Boston and French shakers, through the strainer.
Attention! You cannot add carbonated drinks (cola, soda, etc.) to the shaker - when shaken, they foam very much and exhale.
1. Pour the liquid first, and then pour the powder - not vice versa. This will reduce the number of lumps and help you avoid them sticking in hard to wash places.
2. Do not interfere with protein and other mixtures with boiling water - hot water can change the structure of some components, as a result of which they will be more difficult to mix, their taste may change, or even they will become worse absorbed.
3. Do not interfere with protein and other mixtures with soda - this can impair digestibility, multiply side effects, and also, when the shaker is opened, produce a gushing effect. By the way, pay attention to the instructions of the manufacturer of your product - some manufacturers produce products in an effervescent form - they must be handled more carefully.
4. Drink a cocktail immediately after mixing - do not leave it longer than half an hour. The protein itself, of course, will not decompose into atoms in a few hours, but the liquid protein mixture is an excellent medium for the reproduction of most microorganisms in abundance in the air. And if there are also carbohydrates - for bacteria and mold this is generally an incredible tasty treat. People with a delicate sense of smell have repeatedly noticed that after 20 minutes even the smell of the protein mixture changes.
5. Wash the shaker immediately after drinking the cocktail. In extreme cases, rinse well and wash thoroughly at home. Dry the shaker only open and neck up. But despite the perfect care, it is recommended to change the plastic shaker every six months.
So, now we know how to use a protein shaker and preparing protein mixtures will not be a problem for us. But you can go even further and wonder, how to mix protein without a shaker? Is it possible? Of course available. If you don’t have a shaker, and you need to start using a protein shake today, you can use a kitchen mixer or a blender (at home), or just a regular plastic bottle (on the street or in the gym). True, in the second case, you need to be ready to shake the bottle much longer and come to terms with the fact that anyway, unmixed lumps can remain in it. But otherwise you will get the same protein shake. Good luck and achieve high sports results!
European Shaker Edit
European or classical shaker, cobbler (from English cobbler) - consists of three metal parts: a shaker cup, a filter (sieve) and a cap-cap. The lid can be used as a measuring cup, the common volume of which is 30 ml. Some cobbler models have an increased lid volume for greater convenience in measuring liquids. The main volumes of a cobbler cup are 500 and 700 ml.
In everyday life, this type of shaker is most often used because of its ease of use and the presence of a built-in sieve.
Boston Shaker Edit
Boston (Boston shaker ) or American shaker - consists of two glasses, worn on top of each other: a glass or metal glass for mixing and a metal base with a larger diameter. A typical base glass is 800 ml, a mixing glass is approximately 568 ml (1 pint).
The main advantage of the Boston shaker is the high speed of preparing cocktails due to its quick opening and closing with a light punch on the glass-base, which is why this shaker is preferred for professional bartenders.