Date: 05/05/2014 | Section: Salads | Views: 3030
Clementines are small oranges without seeds, they are easy to peel and, having reached full ripeness, they become very sweet and tasty. In December, clementines are like little suns.
Keep these fruits in a cool place. But not in the refrigerator, like all other citrus fruits. Clementines should not be stored in plastic bags. They will go bad very quickly.
Clementines can be stored for several weeks after collection, provided that they are stored out of the reach of sunlight and without the use of plastic.
If you do not want to eat these fruits just like that, add them to various salads. Sweet beets and bright clementines will create a joyful mood on a winter evening.
Lean but funny salad with clementines
- three medium beets,
- one tablespoon and plus another teaspoon of vegetable oil,
- three clementines,
- one teaspoon of lemon juice,
- salt to taste,
- a quarter of a teaspoon of dry mustard,
- mint for garnish,
- low fat yogurt.
Preheat the oven to 235C. Wash and dry the beets. Lay out on a sheet of foil. Sprinkle with one teaspoon of vegetable oil. Cover with foil, place a bag of beets on a baking sheet and cook until the vegetable is soft. After 30 minutes with a fork, check the beets are ready. Allow to cool slightly so that you can peel the beets.
In the meantime, peel the clementines. Disassemble into slices. Substitute a cup to drain the juice. Squeeze the juice lightly and pour it into a cup. Set the slices separately. Add one tablespoon of oil, lemon juice, salt and mustard to the juice. Stir everything. And salt it.
Peel the beets and cut into beautiful long slices. Spread beets and fruit slices on a platter. Pour over the sauce. Sprinkle mint leaves on top and add a spoonful of yogurt if you want. Serve immediately.
Winter citrus salad for optimists
- 5 clementines,
- 5 Meyer lemons,
- one cup of sugar.
Grate zest with three lemons and clementines. Mix a cup of water with a cup of sugar. Bring to a boil. Reduce the heat to small and add three quarters of the zest. And cook for 15 minutes until thickened. Cool and remove the zest from the syrup as much as possible.
While the syrup cools, peel the lemons and clementines completely. And cut them crosswise. Arrange citrus fruits on a platter, pour in syrup. Serve immediately or refrigerate overnight. And then, before serving, sprinkle with the rest of the syrup.
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Varieties of tangerines for long-term storage
To keep the tangerines as long as possible, it is necessary to create optimal conditions for them. But not only air temperature, humidity, the presence of direct sunlight, etc. factors affect the state of citrus fruits. There are varieties that even under correctly created conditions cannot be stored for long.
After they reach their maturity, if they were torn green, they will begin to deteriorate quickly.
Some fruits may begin to rot when they are not ripe. For this reason, so that the tangerines do not begin to deteriorate a few days after purchase, you should know which variety is most suitable for long-term storage.
Tangerines can be grown at home. In most cases, the storage of such fruits takes place on a bush, i.e. the fruits are picked as necessary.
The tangerines that have the longest shelf life include Moroccan and Abkhaz varieties. Turkish and Spanish citrus fruits spoil faster. But on the shelves of shops do not always indicate the fruit variety or the country from which they were brought.
Moroccan and citrus fruits brought from Georgia have yellow or light yellow zest. Their peel is porous and matte. Such tangerines have a pronounced sweet taste. Turkish varieties have a glossy skin, and Spanish varieties can be identified by their large size.
Hybrid varieties such as clementines are well-stored. Fruits were bred by crossing orange-king and tangerine. They are often recommended to be purchased not only because you can purchase citrus with a margin and not worry about how they begin to rot. Such tangerines do not require additional processing with special preparations that extend their shelf life. For this reason, they are considered the most useful and safe for health.
Optimal storage temperature
Tangerines can be stored at room temperature, in the refrigerator or basement. The temperature regime is selected depending on how long it is necessary to keep the products suitable for consumption, and whether they need to ripen.
If during transportation all the rules have been met, then the shelf life of the fruit is increased. The optimal conditions for storing citrus fruits are considered to be ambient temperature + 2 ... + 6 ° C. Under such conditions, fruits do not lose their taste and do not deteriorate quickly.
If you choose the right variety and follow other storage recommendations, then citrus fruits can last up to 2-3 months. For comparison, at room temperature, fruits will begin to disappear after 2 weeks or even earlier.
To prevent the fruit from drying out, mold or rot, it is recommended to keep 80-90% air humidity in storage. In addition, it is not possible to spray mandarins from the spray bottle with water to increase the percentage of humidity.
Where is it better to store tangerines at home
How to save tangerines - put them in the refrigerator. But they must be in a special compartment for vegetables. The microclimate of the household appliance is designed so that the most suitable conditions are maintained in these special drawers.
If fruits will be used to make cakes, pies, desserts, stewed fruit or other similar dishes, the shelf life of tangerines will help extend the freezer.
Before subjecting the fruits of a tropical plant to deep freeze, it is recommended to wash them, let them dry, and then peel them. Each fruit is divided into slices, put in a bag or a special container and sent to the freezer.
You can not peel off the peel, but immediately after washing and drying, poison the tangerines for freezing. But such a method has a number of negative points. Frozen fruits can have a bitter taste. After defrosting, peeling can be difficult because the fetus becomes soft.
This method allows you to save the product for up to 6 months. Exposure to low temperature does not affect the beneficial substances contained in the fruit. It is better to subject foods to rapid freezing, i.e. in refrigerators equipped with the No Frost system. But the cold changes the taste of the food product, even if they were peeled. After defrosting, part of the acid and aroma are lost. Therefore, choosing a place where to store tangerines, it is recommended to give preference to the lower vegetable compartment of the refrigerator.
Long-term storage can be subjected to fruit in the freezer only if they are not thawed. If the old-style household appliance requires monthly defrosting, then the maximum storage period is determined by the period of washing the refrigerator.
In order for the fruits to lie down as long as possible, they must “breathe”. For this reason, they should not be placed in a plastic bag. Cling film (or other similar packaging) will contribute to the accumulation of moisture in it. From its excess amount, decay processes quickly begin to occur. Citruses do not stack on top of each other, i.e. they must lie 1 layer. The bottom of the container can be covered with paper. It is not recommended to put other vegetables or fruits in the compartment where tangerines are stored - with such close contact, the process of spoiling citrus fruits will accelerate.
Methods for storing citrus fruits without a refrigerator
When the question arises of how to store tangerines at home, if it is not possible to put them in the refrigerator, other options can be considered.
In a private house, a basement is used for such purposes. The temperature in the cellar will depend on its depth. The deeper it is, the better the conditions for the fruit. In the basement, tangerines can be folded into a cardboard box. Additionally, several holes should be made in it to provide good ventilation.
If there is a lot of free space in the basement, you can wrap each fruit in tissue paper and place it on shelves, pallets, or other surfaces. It is not recommended that the fruits come into contact with each other or with other vegetables.
When there is no basement, you can try to keep the fruits on the balcony. They are put in a paper box, in which holes are preliminarily made. The container must be covered from above to avoid direct sunlight. You can use a piece of cloth or paper for this. A dense, for example, iron cover is not recommended.
For storage, a wooden box with spaces between the boards (for ventilation) is well suited. Shredded paper can be laid on its bottom, for example, after a shredder. If there is no such device, you can cut or tear old notebooks yourself.
When it is not possible to arrange tangerines in 1 row, you can hang them in a mesh bag. But due to the fact that the fruits will touch, they will need to be examined more often.
The duration of storage on the balcony will depend on the time of year. In autumn, when the temperature has not yet dropped below 0 ° C, fruits can remain healthy for a long time. If the balcony is well insulated and has heating, i.e. the temperature in winter does not reach minus, you can not be afraid that tropical fruits freeze. In the warmer months, the balcony is not considered a good place to store fruits and vegetables. If it is not glazed and does not have an additional cooling system, then tangerines will quickly deteriorate.
How to keep tangerines until the New Year
So that tangerines can survive until the New Year, you should learn how to choose fruits. When buying, you can give preference to those fruits that are sold on branches. Overpayment for the weight that will fall on the leaves and branches will pay off. During storage, tangerines will be fed with those substances that remained in the trunk. In addition to an extended shelf life, they will have an attractive appearance, so they will serve well as a complement to a New Year's gift.
Ripe fruits have a dense peel and a pronounced aroma of citrus. If the fruit is squeezed, the juice will splash. Such fruits are tasty, they will be well stored, but not as long as unripe. Overripe citruses that have long been torn from a tree cannot be bought; their peel may be lethargic.
If the tangerines were stored for a long time with insufficient moisture, you can feel how they decreased inside the peel. When you click on the fruit, the skin will bend, but may still not reach the slices. These voids are an indication that fruits should not be bought. The weight of such fruits will be less than fresh and with the same diameter.
You can not buy goods that have been frostbitten. Such a product does not lie for more than 2-3 days. It will begin to deteriorate, and the process of decay will spread to nearby fruits. After thawing, their taste is also lost.
For long storage, only those fruits are suitable for which the integrity of the peel is not broken. It should be free from other defects, such as traces of mold or rot. Such damage may be the result of the life of a humpback fly. It not only damages the fruit, but can also cause intestinal infections. Crushed fruits can not be bought either. If you ignore this recommendation, you should not expect that citruses will lie before the onset of the holidays.
During storage of tangerines, they must be inspected regularly, 1-2 times a week. If traces of mold or rot begin to appear, the affected fruits must be removed. Otherwise, they will begin to infect neighboring ones, and the entire box will disappear.
Storage of unripe fruits
If immature fruits were purchased, then they can also be stored for a long time under favorable conditions, i.e. with the same ones that are created for ripe citruses. But if the temperature is + 2 ° C, they should not be expected to mature. To ripen the fruit needs heat. For this reason, before you plan to introduce tangerines into your diet, they must be removed from the refrigerator, balcony or basement.
Ripening times will depend on how green the fruit is. If the citrus is almost ripe, it will take 2-3 days. When the green fruit is more than half, it will take 5-6 days to ripen.
Before buying unripe fruits, it should be borne in mind that their taste is lower than ripe. Even after the tangerine ripens at home, it will not have the aroma and sweetness that is characteristic of a fruit ripped from a ripened tree.
How many tangerines can be stored in the refrigerator
Tangerines, which were grown in the North Caucasus or in the Krasnodar Territory, can be stored for up to 4 months without the use of additional funds that are processed fruit. But for such a period should be counted only if the temperature conditions, humidity and other conditions of proper storage are maintained.
Imported tangerines should not be purchased too early. They can be stored in the vegetable box of the refrigerator for about 1-2 months.
What tangerines are processed for long-term preservation
In order to prevent tangerines from spoiling and lying on the shelves for a long time, some suppliers resort to using various chemicals.
Ethylene can be used for processing. This substance is toxic. It affects the ripening process, but also has a negative effect on health. Toxic substances accumulate in the kidneys, liver and other organs. With prolonged use of foods that have been exposed to ethylene, people develop toxic hepatitis.
In order not to buy dangerous tangerines for health, you should abandon the product, the peel of which has a white coating. If you take such a fruit in your hands, you can feel the sticky layer. Another sign of fruit processing with a chemical substance is green streaks (stripes) on the zest. White coating can be washed off, but this will not be enough, because ethylene quickly penetrates the fruit.
In order for mandarins to last longer and not be exposed to the harmful effects of fungal microflora, they can be treated with fungicides. Such fruits will also be harmful to health. According to ongoing research, at high dosages of this substance, the kidneys may fail.
Due to the fact that tangerines are an integral part of the New Year holidays, the risk of poisoning the body increases. The harmful effect of fungicides increases when combined with alcohol. Such tangerines can not only be eaten, but also use their peel for the preparation of tinctures or compotes.
In order not to buy tangerines that have been treated with fungicides, you should pay attention to the peel. Regardless of the variety, all citrus fruits should have a rough surface. When they are treated with a chemical agent to extend their shelf life, the peel becomes smooth.
All imported tangerines are transported before transportation with various drugs that help to destroy pests and improve storage. In most cases, all these agents are used in a small dosage, i.e. comply with established standards.
Tangerines can be processed independently, without harm to health. Extend the shelf life will help sunflower or olive oil. Before processing tangerines, they should be inspected for damage. Dry and clean the cloth with fruit. Water tangerines, i.e. wash is not recommended. After contact with water, they will deteriorate faster.
A clean cloth is moistened in vegetable oil, and then the fruit is wiped. It is necessary to apply a thin layer, and not soak tangerines. A thin film of oil will create a protective barrier that will allow citruses to last until the holidays.
There is another safe way to help store fruit for a long time. They can be coated with melted wax or paraffin. It will protect tangerines from damage by fungal microflora, because will prevent direct contact of the peel with the environment. Paraffin or wax will also prevent the drying of citrus fruits. To remove the protective layer before consuming tangerines, just wash them with warm water.
Clementine or Citrus clementina is one of the varieties of tangel. This is a hybrid of orange and mandarin. It was created in 1902 by Father Clement, who was not only a priest, but also a wonderful breeder. The shape of the fruit is the same as that of mandarin, but they are much sweeter.
The ancient Romans began to grow citrus fruits in Corsica, however, they started cultivating clementines much later. It should be noted that most of the gardens were laid only forty years ago.
Trees can grow up to 5 meters in height. Its dense leaves form very beautiful and long alleys.
The most attractive are Corsican clementines. This is due to the fact that the fruits for sale are decorated with several green leaves. Этот фрукт привлекателен не только цветовым контрастом, но и неопровержимым доказательством свежести. Известно, что листья, после сбора урожая быстро отпадают и высыхают, поэтому если на плодах присутствуют листья, значит они свежие.
For a year, the harvest of clementine can reach 25 tons, and almost all of them remain in a beautiful country - France. In diameter, these small oranges are only 6 cm.
There are several types of clementines:
- Spanish. This variety is also divided into large and small fruits. In each of them there are several seeds.
- Montreal. It is quite rare. He appears only in mid-October. Its main suppliers are Algeria and Spain. The fruit may contain from 10 to 12 seeds.
- Corsican. This variety is protected by the trademark of this region. It has an orange-red peel and has absolutely no seeds.
Most often, clementines are sold along with leaves. They appear in early November, and end in February.
This fruit has an amazing aroma and a very sweet taste. This treat is a wonderful natural antidepressant. Very often it is used for the manufacture of alcoholic beverages.
This citrus is known to many as brought orange and Italian mandarin. Recently, Mediterranean countries have been cultivating it: Italy, Algeria, Morocco, France and Spain. It is from here that the largest volumes of clementines are delivered.
This fruit can be very easily confused with tangerine because of its similar appearance. It has a dark orange color, and this is their most important difference. Mandarin has practically no seeds, while clementine, on the contrary, has a lot of them. The peel of this citrus is quite thin and shiny, but despite this very hard. This fruit has a rather juicy and fragrant flesh. It is easy to recognize clementine, because it is distinguished by a slightly flattened shape.
The benefits and harms of clementine
The rich vitamin and mineral composition of clementine makes it, like other citrus fruits, unusually healthy. It contains 59% of the daily intake of vitamin C (for a normal diet, about 2000 kcal / day).
Clementines are excellent antioxidants, their use increases the protective and regenerative properties of the body, favorably affects vision, improves the digestive system. Regular intake of vitamin C has a truly anti-aging effect. It is also an excellent immunomodulator. In the cold season - a good prevention of colds. At the first sign of malaise, doctors recommend taking vitamin C, and if taking artificial vitamin supplements can threaten hypervitaminosis, then eating fruits will help to avoid such a problem.
Among other things, clementines contain substances that help fight stress, lethargy, and fatigue. The smell of these fruits awakens the areas of the brain that are responsible for pleasure and enjoyment; in most people, it causes pleasant associations. In aromatherapy, clementine essential oil is used to reduce anxiety, panic and achieve relaxation, since it has a small sedative effect.
In general, clementine essential oil is widely used in the perfumery and cosmetics industry. It mixes well with other oils, especially from the citrus and flower family. It is used as a component of perfumes by houses such as Givenchy and Guerlain.
Like other citrus fruits, clementine can be a strong allergen, so its use should be limited or canceled for people with individual intolerance.
Despite the fact that clementines have much less acids than oranges and lemons, it should be used with caution in case of stomach problems: gastritis, colitis, ulcers. Also, excessive consumption can provoke an exacerbation of liver and kidney diseases.
The essential oil of this citrus is phototoxic. This means that after applying it to the skin, do not appear in the sun for at least an hour.
Clementine calories, composition and content of nutrients
Per 100 g of product:
- Energy value: 47 kcal (198 kJ)
- Proteins: 0.85 g
- Fat: 0.15 g
- Carbohydrates: 12.02 g, of which sugar: 9.18 g
- Fiber: 1.7 g
- Thiamine / B1 /: 0.86 mg
- Riboflavin / B2 /: 0.030 mg
- Niacin / B3 /: 0.64 mg
- Choline / B4 /: 14 mg
- Pantothenic Acid / B5 /: 0.151 mg
- Vitamin B6: 0.075 mg
- Folate / B9 /: 24 mcg
- Vitamin C: 48.8 mg
- Vitamin E: 0.20 mg
- Potassium: 177 mg
- Calcium: 30 mg
- Phosphorus: 21 mg
- Magnesium: 10 mg
- Sodium: 1 mg
- Iron: 0.14 mg
- Zinc: 0.06 mg
- Manganese: 0.023 mg
How to choose and store clementine
Clementines choose by looking at the peel. It should be uniform in color, resilient, shiny, without putrefactive or woody stains. When overripe, the peel hardens, it will be poorly removed.
Ripe fruits are light, while not ripened - heavy and dense. If clementine is lighter than it looks, it is ripe.
Storage is best organized in the lower compartment of the refrigerator for up to a month, provided that among the fruits the decay process has not yet begun. One rotten or moldy fetus easily “infects” all the others.
In China, clementines are almost always sold with branches, since it is believed that the fruit on which the branch is left will retain freshness for longer.
In a warm room, these fruits dry out quite quickly.
Photo: Clementine fruit on a branch
How to eat clementines, recipes
Because of their sweetness, clementines are perfect for preparing various desserts, liquors, tinctures, compotes. They are also sugared, and sorbet, smoothie is prepared from juice. In Asian countries, with these fruits, they prepare main dishes, for example, meat, fish, and are used for sauces and toppings.
Of course, one of the most common ways to consume clementines is to eat them fresh and unprocessed.
- Clementine - 3 pcs, or 2 if large,
- Sugar - 140 g
- Chicken egg - 4 pcs.,
- Butter - 100 g,
- Starch - 1.5 tbsp.,
- Ginger - 1-1.5 cm.
Remove the oil from the refrigerator, cut into small cubes, set aside to soften.
It is very thin to remove the zest from clementines, avoiding to touch the white inner layer of the peel. Ginger grate on the same grater. Mix it with sugar and let stand.
Squeeze juice from clementines.
Separate the yolks from the eggs. Proteins can be saved for another dish.
In a thick-walled pan, mix the sugar mass, juice, yolks, mix thoroughly with a whisk to separate the yolks.
Boil over low heat, stirring occasionally, until signs of boiling begin to appear.
Introduce the oil, mix thoroughly with a whisk until completely dissolved.
At the last stage, add starch in a thin stream, fully stirring.
The cream is ready when it starts to move away from the walls. Remove from stove, cool to room temperature. It can be used both immediately and stored in the refrigerator, shifted into a tightly closed container. Serve as an independent dessert or as a filling for baking.
Stewed fruit of clementines and dates
- Dates - 100 g
- Clementine - 200 g
- Water - 2 l.
Wash fruits thoroughly. Put in a pan, after disassembling clementine into slices.
Pour fruit with water. Boil and cook over low heat for 10-12 minutes. This compote will add sweetness to dates, so you can not add sugar to it or limit yourself to 1-2 tbsp. l taste. Instead of sugar, you can use seasonings: cinnamon, cloves, anise.
Cool compote to cool, drain, serve.
Is it possible to grow clementine at home?
What you need to know about this plant before trying to grow it at home:
- In nature, old trees with a height of about 5 m can yield about 5-7 thousand fruits. Even a small home tree is quite prolific if properly maintained,
- At home, the seedling can begin to bear fruit already for 2 years,
- Clementines need good, adequate lighting with a little direct insolation. In winter, the plant may need artificial lighting,
- The suitable temperature for clementine is in the summer period 22-25 ° C, in winter, so that the plant can rest, it is better to keep it at a temperature of 5-10 ° C.
Clementine tolerates excess irrigation much worse than moderate with periods of drought. With excessive watering, the plant can become sick and even lose leaves. However, the plant will require constant spraying, but water should not fall on the flowers,
- At home, this plant needs significant and regular fertilizing with mineral fertilizers containing phosphorus, nitrogen, potassium.
How to store
Storage of these citrus fruits is the easiest. They can lie for quite some time. To save these fruits, they should simply be put in a special compartment of the refrigerator. Thus, they can be stored for a whole month. The ideal temperature is +6, while there should be high humidity.
To increase the shelf life, they can be rubbed with vegetable oil. Never store clementines in a plastic bag.
This fruit is ideal for preparing many dishes as well as drinks. Such juicy and sweet citrus fruits are suitable for making biscuits, desserts, cakes, snacks, sauces and many other dishes.
They make wonderful jams, syrups, preserves, liquors and brandy. The British add clementines to marinades, and also use to prepare meat sauce.
Composition and availability of nutrients
Clementines contain a huge amount of vitamins and mineral elements. It consists of fiber, water, proteins and fats. Its chemical composition is rich in B vitamins, which contain almost all the lines of vitamins.
It also contains copper, titanium, ascorbic acid, potassium and much more. You should not be fooled by the sweet taste of clementines, because it does not have much sugar and this product is not high-calorie.
Useful and healing properties
Due to the fact that clementine contains such an amount of valuable substances, it is recommended to use it for people with a disease of the gastrointestinal tract. Fruit eliminates digestive problems. Citrus is useful for colds, for the overall strengthening of the whole body and for the immune system. Juice is used to improve metabolic processes, as well as arouse appetite.
The vitamins contained in this fruit protect our hair and skin from aging and the appearance of gray hair ahead of schedule.
There is an essential oil in citrus, which allows you to fight depression, a depressed state. Fruit has a positive effect on the nervous system. It is used to combat insomnia. Clementine oil has a dermatological effect. It is often used to treat diseases such as warts, scars, cellulite, acne, stretch marks and seborrhea. In addition, it can make the skin softer and more tender.
Hazardous properties of clementines
Clementines should not be abused, because, despite the huge list of useful properties of this fruit, there is a negative side - an allergic reaction, which can be caused by the consumption of citrus in large quantities. It is not recommended to eat these fruits for people with gastritis, gastric ulcer, jade, enteritis and colitis.
We should not forget that clementine essential oil is phototoxic. It can not be used by pregnant women throughout the first trimester.
Clementine, like other citrus fruits, can be grown at home. Everyone knows where to start, but the fact that after some time they need to be vaccinated and not everyone knows how to do it.