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A building seam can easily discolour and fade, which is unpleasant for most people. Than to suffer from unattractive dark lines between the tiles, you can take measures to change the color of the construction seam. Although not one of the methods is quite relevant, you can decide to stitch the seam or perform a deep cleaning.
Before starting restoration work, you should get rid of everything that could interfere with their implementation. For example, you will need to remove the wall cabinets and any other elements that block access to the tiles. It will not be out of place to make furniture, thereby freeing the floor.
If it comes to the kitchen, it is better to dismantle the gas or electric stove. In the bathroom you have to remove the plumbing equipment, and perhaps even take out a bath for a while.
Now you need to think about personal protective equipment, without which working with adhesive materials, acid cleaning compounds and cement mortars is highly not recommended. All work must be carried out with glasses and gloves.
Seam painting and whitewashing
The easiest and almost instantaneous method of updating tile seams is their tinting. This method has one significant drawback - the effect of it will last no more than six months, after which it will be necessary to renew the grout again. Also, most colorful formulations cannot be used for wet environments.
Another non-radical way to refine the seams is to apply a new grout on top of the obsolete. This operation is possible only with sufficiently deep seams. For a new grout you will need about two millimeters of depth.
All necessary supplies can be purchased at any hardware or hardware store.
If you decide to use colorful compositions, it is important to know that they can be used not only to update the seams, but also to repair damaged areas. That is, the paint can be applied not only on top of the old grout, but also used as a grout, only for this you need to apply a larger layer.
Using paint is easy enough. First of all, you need to thoroughly clean the area from possible contaminants, for example, plaque or mold. Then you need to carefully apply the paint on the tile seam, and wait for it to dry.
If you hooked a tile in the process of tinting, then you need to remove the excess with a rag. The time it takes to dry the composition is indicated on its packaging. There you can find some recommendations for its use.
Replacing old grout
The above methods are quite simple and will not require a lot of time to carry out, but the effect of them is not long-term. The most effective method of updating tile is to replace the grouting material. The first step is to remove the old material from the seams. There are several ways to do this.
Removing fresh grout
In the event that the grouting material has not yet had time to set and harden, that is, no more than a day has passed after its use, but the need has already arisen for replacing it, you can simply soak it with water.
Half an hour after applying a new grout, it is necessary to get rid of excess on the tile itself, and also to grout the joints. To do this, use a clean sponge, it is better to take a new one. If you often do construction work with tiles, then you will surely have all the necessary tools, if not, then know that you can buy a special bucket with an extraction for sponges. With it, the grouting process will be much faster.
Then you need to let the material dry and continue work only the next day. Now you need to remove the white coating using a felt-coated mitten. You can also use special grater with a felt coating, but they are not suitable for embossed tiles.
Removing fresh grout
If during all the work you noticed some defects, but the grout is already set, then you should remove them using sandpaper folded into a tube.
In some cases, tile has a relief surface or a large number of decorative details, which greatly complicate the work. When grouting such a tile, it is better to glue its entire surface with polyethylene and a masking tape to avoid contaminants that are difficult to remove.
If the tile has already been contaminated with grouting material, then it can be cleaned with oil (even ordinary sunflower will do) and terry cloths.
Removing old grout mechanically
Removing obsolete grouting material with this method is a radical means and you need to resort to it only when there are no other options. This procedure requires the employee maximum accuracy and scrupulousness, since there is a rather high probability of damage to the enamel of the tile.
Ideally, to carry out this operation, you should purchase a special binder, which is a tool with a sharp blade and handle, but it is possible to quite successfully replace it with an ordinary sharpened knife.
Removing old grout
Before you update the seams between the tiles in the bathroom, you need to hold the knife straight along the tile seam with a knife, and then at an angle twice from different sides. Particular attention should be paid to the processing of seams in the corners of the tile, since these elements are the most fragile and it is very easy to damage them.
By clicking on the link http://vse-postroim-sami.ru/materials/8147_kak-vybrat-zatirku-dlya-plitki-sravnivaem-cementnyj-i-epoksidnyj-varianty/, you will learn about the advantages and disadvantages of different types of grout. In this article you will find information about laying floor tiles. You may also be interested in an article on how to close the gap between the bathroom and the wall.
For these works, a chisel, a drill or an electric drill with a thin drill are also perfect. Mechanical removal of suture material can be carried out independently, since the procedure is quite simple and does not require particularly preparation.
Silicone Grout Removal
In some cases, mold appears on tile joints that have been treated with silicone grout. In most cases, this is due to insufficient ventilation.
This material cannot be washed, so the only way out of this situation is to completely remove the silicone and replace it with a new grouting material. Another reason for removing silicone-based grouting material is its incorrect application last time.
Such a trowel must be removed mechanically, using a sharp knife or a building scraper. After removing the main part of the trowel, it is necessary to walk along the seams with a vacuum cleaner to completely remove it.
There are also special detergents that can dissolve and successfully remove the old grout. As a rule, they need to be applied with a mounting gun in a small layer, and then left for about a day.
This time is required for the agent to penetrate and dissolve the silicone. Then you just need to remove the dissolved silicone, using a rag. After this, you should thoroughly wipe and remove grease from the surface of the joints so that the new silicone layer holds tightly.
Remove silicone grout
Before you update the seams between the tiles, you need to glue its edges with duct tape to prevent silicone from getting on the enamel. Then it is necessary to cut off the tip of the silicone grout packaging so that the layer is sufficient for applying the material in one pass. Now you should apply silicone to the surface of the seams with a mounting gun.
After this, it is required to quickly smooth the seam, before it is still seized. To do this, use a special spatula with a rubber working area or do with fingers and soapy water. The masking tape can only be removed after smoothing the trowel.
In some cases, especially for old buildings, where Soviet-era repairs were still preserved, the seams between the tiles were wiped with a cement-based compound. In this case, getting rid of a layer of old grouting material without preliminary preparation is quite difficult.
Using Acid Softener
For this operation, it is necessary to purchase an acid-based cleaning agent and several brushes, do not forget about rubber gloves. To remove cement grout, it is necessary to apply a layer of cleaner to the joints and wait until the product softens the grout. The waiting time is indicated on the packaging of the consumable. After some time, the product should be absorbed, and the grout is very easy to remove.
In some cases, after removing the old grouting material, some additional operations may be required to completely clean the surface of the joints. For example, small fragments of old grout or small crumbs of broken-off tiles may remain in the seams. To remove them, it is enough to use an ordinary vacuum cleaner.
After cleaning the joints with a vacuum cleaner, you will need to rinse them. This requires making a solution based on soap or a non-aggressive detergent and thoroughly treating the suture surface with it, after which it will be necessary to suspend the process for up to a day to allow time for the seams to dry.
After this, a layer of penetrating primer should be applied. Instructions for its application, as well as the drying time of the substance are indicated on the packaging and may vary significantly, depending on the manufacturer.
Applying a new grout
In this matter, speed is very important, so you have to work in a rather intensive mode, ideally, work with an assistant. Such a rush is due to the fact that the compositions for processing tile joints dry out very quickly, so delay can lead to a high consumption of these materials.
Applying a new grout
The consistency of the resulting solution should be liquid - so the solution does not dry out too quickly. It is necessary to grout using a rubber spatula. The material must be thoroughly rubbed inside, filling it with all the suture space. In this way, much more efficient grip can be achieved.
Do not be afraid to sort out a little with the grout, after it dries, the excess can be removed with sandpaper, and a too small seam will very quickly require replacement.
In order to properly form a seam, it is better to use a construction tool. It can also be purchased at every hardware or hardware store at an affordable price. The set contains several nozzles of various shapes that will help give the seams the appearance you need.
If you are not a beginner in this business, but such a tool was not at hand, then you can use a metal rod of the appropriate size with a rounded end. Sharp tools are not allowed. You can also use the plastic handle of the old brush.
During the formation of the seams, it is necessary to hold the tool so that it touches the edges of the tile, which is laid next to it. After applying the grouting material, it is necessary to remove the excess from the surface of the tile. To do this, you can use a clean sponge, the same tool with which you applied grout or a simple rag.
Now you need to wait about a day and carefully look at the resulting seams. All irregularities can be sanded with sandpaper, after which it is necessary to wash the tile.
The main thing here is to prevent the material from drying out completely, since such a grout is very difficult to remove from the surface of the tile material. A damp cloth should be used to clean the tiles.
Now you know how to replace the grout between the tiles and can cope with this operation yourself.
Edding 8200 is a colorful composition for tinting the seam surface. It includes waterproof ink. It is made in the form of a marker for more convenient application. You can find white and black markers with a line thickness of no more than 0.4 centimeters.
Pufas cement-ex is a cement mortar remover. It can be used on ordinary tiles, clinker and terraces. Also, the tool is used as a cleaner for bathtubs and sinks.
Colored stain remover is used to clean tiles from pollution of varying severity and nature of formation. It is also acceptable for washing natural stone porcelain and all types of marble.
Pufas frische fuge. This is a colorful composition for easy renewal of stitches. Not recommended for continuous use. Exclusive in white colors, but color is allowed.
Kiilto clean is an aggressive, multi-acid cleaner. It is used to clean tiles from serious dirt, so you should not use it daily.
Coloring the gaps between the tiles is the most affordable and easiest option for updating the seams. What is suitable as a base tool:
- special paint for tile joints,
- water emulsion composition,
Stitching seams is not considered the most durable option, the preservation of the effect of the result lasts a maximum of six months. However, when using special formulations, this action may be longer. And, especially, when using paints, which include a sealing additive. In addition, antifungal agents can be added to special formulations to protect the joints from mold. Which is another argument in favor of specialized tools.
When choosing a water-based paint, the fragility of the option should be taken into account, since the seams will quickly darken again. It is recommended to apply the composition at intervals well cleaned from dirt and mold, well sanded.
Options with a marker and whitewash are also not included in the category of durable, although they are simple in execution technique. The maximum shelf life of the effect after their application is no more than six months. In addition, whitewashing is allowed only in rooms with a dry climate.
Special painting compounds
They do not recommend choosing the color of paint that has already taken place. The best solution is to choose a new shade that masks grout wear. Moreover, the choice of shades resembling dirty ones may seem strange at first. But it is he who can become the most successful. And all because in the future you do not have to worry about the fact that the paint will lose its color and darken.
You can buy a special composition for restoring the color of tile spaces in the construction supermarket. There, the assortment of such products is presented in a fairly large number - for every taste and budget. Moreover, the purpose of such compositions is to restore the color of the joints over the entire area, and even out the shade in certain areas where the grout has noticeably worn out.
Choosing the color of the composition, one should take into account the fact that light compositions are well combined with the shape of the tiles, giving them some streamlining. Whereas dark compositions will make the tiles stand out against their background.
Experts recommend immediately buying a 2 in 1 composition, in which there is already an additive sealant. So you can not think about the last step of the repair with the application of a protective sealing layer.
Alternatively, the paint used in the manufacture of pavers can be selected. If the choice fell on her, then before starting work, the composition is recommended to be mixed with tile glue. So usually painted concrete structures. And in this case, the stability of the shade of the fugue is guaranteed.
- Ceramic tiles and seams are cleaned. To remove dirt stains, use a normal soapy solution (water with a detergent). To eliminate fungus, mold and rust, bleach is carried out. As an instrument of cleaning take an old toothbrush or any hard brush. To apply paint to the suture spaces, wait about half an hour or more until the cleaned surfaces dry well. And only after that they begin the staining procedure,
- Fill the seam spaces with paint. If you bought a kit that already includes a small brush, that's good. Однако если таковой не имеется, для этих целей подойдет любая небольшая кисточка с жестким ворсом. Кисть окунают в состав, и аккуратно промазывают шов. В случае необходимости краску накладывают несколько раз,
- Выжидают 24 часа с момента окрашивания, чтобы дать краске просохнуть. After that, the remaining paint is wiped with a moistened sponge on the tile.
Replacing grouting at the seams seems to be the most time-consuming, but also the most effective and reliable way to update the color of the inter-seam space.
To realize it, the first thing they do is get rid of the old grout. Allow the application of fresh grout on top of the worn layer of fugue. Which is much less labor intensive. The main thing is to choose the right composition.
Therefore, you should figure out which grouts are suitable for these purposes. It is advisable to use two types of grouting compositions. Depending on the basis, this may be:
- cement composition
- either epoxy.
Cement-based fugue is a dry mass, bred through water or liquid latex. Cement grouting is always based on Portland cement.
Epoxy based grouts are compositions with synthetic resins and hardeners that are resistant to acids and chlorine. Form a strong contact with metal surfaces. For this reason, they are not susceptible to the influence of these substances, are characterized by a high degree of strength.
The cost of epoxy grouts is higher. And the purpose provides for their use not in residential environments, since the need to protect tile joints against alkalis and acids at home does not often arise.
Epoxy fugue has an increased bumpiness, it is not suitable for thick tiles that are laid with small (narrow) gaps. The width of the joints is considered standardized, but the dimensions of the gaps are determined by the shape and area of the tiles. For elements of square shape 10 by 60 cm, the optimal seam width is 3 mm. In the case of defective tiles, the seam width can be increased to 1 cm.
To remove the old grout you will need the following:
- a vacuum cleaner,
- spatula made of rubber materials,
- acid cleaner
- soap (or washing gel),
Restoration of old masonry
The most difficult question may be how to repair the brickwork if the brick crumbles and does not hold well in its place. The crumbling stone must be replaced, as moisture penetrates through it into the masonry, which will ultimately lead to larger-scale negative consequences.
Therefore, such bricks are removed from the wall, for which the seams around them are embroidered to the maximum depth using a chisel and a hammer or puncher.
Removing damaged items
If necessary, neighboring stones are also removed. Those who have not been destroyed, you must try not to hurt and leave in place. After removing the defective elements, the surface is prepared for restoration, as described above.
Note. It is quite difficult to choose a new brick to the old masonry in color and texture. You may need to artificially age it with your own hands. How this is done will be described a little later.
The photo shows that the restoration "patch" is very noticeable, it will need to be further processed
The whole process looks something like this:
|Cleaning the installation site||After excavating the brick, we remove the remaining mortar and dust from the formed niche. Wet the surface.|
|Stacking the solution in a niche||At the bottom of the niche with a layer of 1-1.2 cm, lay the solution.|
|Laying mortar on a brick||We dip the brick in water, and on all faces, except the bottom and front, we impose a solution.|
|Stone setting||We install the stone in a niche and recess, we align it flush with the wall by tapping a mallet on the face.|
|Stitching||We remove the excess solution and embroider the seams.|
|Grouting||Wipe the seams around the new element with a damp sponge.|
The instruction at first glance is very simple, but in the process there may be surprises with the destruction of large areas of masonry. If you are not sure that you can handle it yourself, it is better to invite a specialist.
Instructions for applying a new fugue to the previous one
- First, the grout is induced. By consistency, it should be like sour cream,
- Then the mixture is poured onto the floor in portions,
- And immediately, with a spatula, wooden block or piece of cloth, the mixture is smoothed over the surface. Why the mixture independently flows into all the recesses between the tiles and fills them. In this case, the grout should remain only in intersutural depressions. While the trowel is carefully removed from the coating with a cloth,
- By drying the grout after a day, a slight coating may be noted on the surface of the tile. It is removed by wiping the tile with a cloth.
For work it is better to use a rubber spatula. It copes well with tiled recesses, as well as with seams.
The above recommendations are suitable in situations where the width of the seams is 3-5 mm. For narrower gaps (2-2.5 mm), they act differently. First, they evaluate at what depth the composition will fill the seams. If more than 3 mm, then grouting continues. If the composition does not penetrate deeply, then with a spatula, indent the composition on each segment of the seams. This painstaking operation is performed only in areas that are subjected to increased loads. In the remaining areas, the composition is simply overwritten.
To update the coloring of the grout, a colored fugue is well suited. Grout can be chosen to match the overall coverage, and contrasting shade. So you can not only repaint the seams, but also create an interesting design of the room. To give color to the grout, the use of tinting (dyes) is allowed. Usually, pasty or liquid tinting agents that are sold at a hardware store are selected.
Industrial colored grouts incorporate a special dry color, due to which a rich and bright color of the fugue is created. More appropriate is the use of industrial color grouts. Experts are opposed to undertaking independent mixing of grout with tint. Since this is fraught with consequences. For example, damage to the operational properties of the composition is not excluded, in addition, with subsequent mixing, you can miscalculate with the desired degree of shade.
When the grout dries, it is coated with a special protective layer. This is to avoid cracking at the seams.
Knowing how to paint the seams between the tiles and how to change the grout in the seams, the choice of updating the seams will be more conscious.
Quite often, repairing masonry buildings requires only the restoration of seams and repair of small cracks. To do this, you need to embroider them as deep as possible with a hammer and a chisel, clean them from dirt, moisten and fill with fresh solution.
Stitching old seams Removal of cement residues
The question is which one? The fact is that the old walls can be folded on a mortar that is not “friendly” with cement. In this case, you have to cook a similar one.
If you could not determine the composition of the old solution, prepare a mixture of the following components:
- White Portland cement - 1 part,
- Fine sand - 6 parts,
- Lime - 2 parts,
Or use clay by pushing it into the seams with a wooden block of the appropriate thickness.
In the case of masonry on cement mortar, you can take the finished cement-adhesive mixture and add a little gypsum to it. It compensates for shrinkage of joints and accelerates setting.
Deep seams should not be filled in one go - it is better to do this in stages, waiting for each layer to set. Excess solution from the surface is removed immediately, until it is seized, using a wet sponge.
The picture shows how the restored seams should look.
Upon completion of the repair work, it is advisable to treat the walls with a deep penetration primer, varnish or other protective agent.
Three ways to change the look of a brick wall
Brickwork can become a highlight of the interior, if you work on it a little. Among the options for its transformation, the most popular are cladding, painting and artificial aging. The choice will depend on the initial quality of the surface and the style in which the entire room is designed.
Often, even after professional repairs, the old wall looks unsightly, although there are no complaints about the strength. In the case when you do not want to lose the texture, but failed to bring the surface to a decent appearance, you can revet it with decorative panels imitating masonry.
This can be a basement siding for a brick, panels made of polyvinyl chloride, MDF or gypsum, as well as clinker tiles or thin facing bricks. And for decoration and insulation of external walls, thermal panels are perfect.
The mounting method for these materials is different:
- Wall panels are attached to the frame,
- The facing tile is glued to the surface with glue.
Check out a few examples of such materials and their uses:
Pvc panels Gypsum panels Fiberboard Panels Facing tile Fineber - basement siding brick beige Brick Thermal Panels
Do not be afraid to experiment with materials, but always pay attention to their characteristics and scope. For example, a basement siding under a brick, it is quite possible to use it for interior decoration. But gypsum tiles for external cladding are not suitable.
To save the relief, transforming the perception of space, you can use the coloring of the masonry. This technique is very common among designers, as it allows you to design a room in different styles depending on the chosen color and method of painting.
But it should be remembered that subsequently returning the wall to its original form, getting rid of a layer of paint, will be impossible. Therefore, before making this decision, think carefully and look at examples of such interiors.
Accent wall in the bedroom Living room with a white wall Elegant combination Painted brick in the nursery in the loft style The transformation of the loggia An interesting solution with a translucent coating Oil paint protects the wall from moisture Partial staining in different colors
Of great importance is the choice of finishing composition. When deciding how to paint silicate brick from the outside, pay attention to the following paint characteristics:
- Water resistant. It should protect the facade from rain and humid air.
- Vapor permeability. The wall should “breathe”, otherwise it will be wet, which will cause mold.
- Resistance to fading under the influence of UV rays.
- Resistance to alkaline environment, since masonry mortar containing alkali can destroy the coating.
Facade paint for silicate brick, ceramic brick and stone
The requirements for paints for interior work are softer, so the choice is almost unlimited. The only thing that can upset you is the high price. But if instead of silicone or latex coatings, acrylic or ordinary hydrated lime is chosen, the result will be no worse.
Tip. The brick is very hygroscopic, so before painting, the masonry must be treated with a penetrating primer on an acrylic base. This will save on paint.
One more tip. Do not paint new walls. You need to wait at least a year to complete the process of leaching the solution, and the masonry has dried and shrunk. Before painting the walls must be cleaned of dust, dirt, salt deposits and mold and dried.
Many interior solutions require turning a new, smooth and even masonry into an old, battered time. As you know, breaking is not building, but the task of how to age a brick wall is much simpler than the opposite.
To do this, use the following methods (all in bulk or selectively):
- Surface treatment with abrasives - rough sandpaper, metal brush or even sandblasting machine.
Grinder with grinding wheel - also an option
- The device of chips and chipping. They can be made at the edges and corners of a brick or on its faces in a chaotic manner. Tools - chisel and hammer, perforator.
- Imitation of efflorescence with the help of white paint, applied with a sponge or swab, also in random order. Or imitation of stucco residues.
A little putty and putty knife will turn the new wall into the old
- "Dirty" surface. Excellent black spots and stripes that will not crumble and stain clothes are made with a blowtorch, which burns the walls until the color changes.
After this treatment, the walls will need additional protection. So that they do not collapse and easily tolerate cleaning, they are coated with special oil or water-based varnish.
Brick walls in the interior look very impressive if they are correctly “inscribed” in the overall design style. Knowing how to repair brickwork and its visual transformation, you can also make the design of your house unique. And the video in this article will help you with this.
Methods for painting a balcony wall
You can paint a wall in one of two ways - by leaving the brick texture unchanged or by leveling the wall with a layer of plaster and then painting it. The first method can be applied only if the brickwork does not have serious defects. The second method can be used if the wall needs serious repairs or the design "brick-like" does not correspond to the general style of the interior.
Balcony with painted brick wall
Painting a wall without leveling it with plaster
This method is simpler, but so that the paint does not crumble and swell over time, it requires careful preparation of the surface, which includes several stages:
- Surface cleaning
- Seam alignment,
- Primer Wall.
We paint a brick wall without plaster
Brickwork is cleaned of dust, dirt and mortar, and if the brick has already been painted before, the previous coat of paint must also be cleaned. If this is not done, re-staining can pull the old paint and cause it to peel off the surface. The seams are cleaned with a stiff brush, and the voids identified during the cleaning process are filled with a solution.
This should be done with caution so that the filling of the seams occurs evenly, and they do not differ against the general background, and also trying not to stain the brick.
Now the wall needs to be primed - this will contribute to better adhesion of the paint to the brick. The choice of primer depends on what type of paint you will use. How to beautifully paint a house on the outside of a stucco photo?
Immediately before priming the wall, clean the dust again with a vacuum cleaner. So you can avoid the formation of small lumps that appear during the application of the primer and then clearly stand out under a layer of paint.
Painting a brick wall on a loggia or balcony should begin only after the primer has dried. We recommend doing this with a brush, which allows you to better paint over corners, small protrusions and grooves in the seams. A paneled brush with a width of 6-8 cm is well suited - it freely fits into the recesses of the seams and evenly distributes the paint on the surface of the brick.
A roller or spray can be used if the walls of the balcony have a large area.
Painting the walls of the balcony with preliminary plaster
If you decide to paint the brick wall on the balcony in this way, then the whole process will take longer because it includes the following steps:
- Surface cleaning
We paint a brick in white color
The surface is cleaned of dust, dirt and loose formations, and a layer of plaster is applied to it. If the loggia is not heated in the winter or you need to paint the outer wall, a cement-sand mortar is prepared. For closed heated balconies, it is permissible to plaster with gypsum mixtures without adding cement.
Using a putty layer applied on the plaster, you can achieve a perfectly smooth surface, and this is especially true for the interior decoration of the loggia used as a living room. For exterior walls or non-glazed balconies, you can skip the putty stage of the walls, since under the influence of temperature and moisture differences, the putty will peel off and the walls will need to be repaired more often.
After drying, the wall can be primed and start painting. It is better to paint with a roller or spray, having previously closed the windows and the floor with plastic wrap.
How to paint a brick on the balcony
To paint the brick wall on the balcony from the inside, environmentally friendly, with good vapor permeability and easily washable paints are used. How to beautifully paint the walls in the children's room photo? Therefore, the most optimal option is water-soluble emulsion paints that lie flat on the surface and dry quickly.
Paints for interior use:
Acrylate paints can be especially distinguished - they have increased wear resistance, are ideal in work and are easy to care for. Although they cost more, their use pays off over time.
In general, there will be no problems with choosing a paint for a glazed residential loggia: you can use any type of paint that you like, but all other cases require a different approach to the choice of material. The wall painted on the outside must be resistant to low and high temperatures, sunlight and moisture, so when buying, you should pay attention to the marking and choose only those that are suitable for outdoor use.
Different options for painting bricks
Хорошими показателями для наружного окрашивания обладает масляная краска, но ее можно использовать только в затененных местах, так как на солнце она выгорает. Чтобы с этим не возникало проблем, можно выбрать масляную краску белого цвета.
The initial painting of the walls may not give the expected result, especially if the color of the paint contrasts with the color of the brick. This means that you will need to apply 2 or 3 coats of paint, but in the future it’s enough just to update the coating so that it has a decent look.
Painting a brick wall is a long and laborious process. Having a porous surface, the brick absorbs any paint and varnish materials, so for a perfectly even color you will need to apply several layers. In this case, to apply a new layer, you need to wait for the previous one to dry. When painting, it is possible to use completely different techniques to create a matte and glossy finish, a plain color or gradient, aged, shabby and deliberately rough look.
Graffiti applied to a brick wall will organically fit into certain styles. Its aesthetics and elegance are present in plain walls in pastel or neutral shades: gray, black, white, beige, pale blue, etc.
The traditional way of finishing the balcony walls is with plastic or wooden lining. They can also be covered with drywall, the advantage of which is that the coating comes out with a perfectly flat surface. Above it, as a rule, decorative tiles are attached or wallpaper is even glued.
However, one should not forget that painting the walls will require very careful preparation of its surface from you, if you do not carry out such preparation, then all flaws, irregularities will be obvious and not a single paint and varnish coating will be able to hide defects.
4. In addition, primers must be applied. It is worth considering that for each paint it is necessary to select a separate primer. If latex paint is used, acrylic primers of deep or medium penetration are suitable.
How to beautifully paint the walls in a kindergarten group? It is necessary to carefully process the entire surface of the brick wall and wait until it dries completely.
However, before proceeding directly to the implementation of a creative idea, it is necessary to carefully prepare the surface - we paint a brick wall only when it is cleaned and primed. Once you skip this stage of finishing a brick wall, and as a result, all defects, irregularities and defects will visually manifest themselves. So, what preparatory operations must be performed?
Here is the main set of them.
- high vapor permeability - an excellent property that favors the circulation of air and moisture in the wall material,
- whitewashing is very dirty - this determines the place of its application. It is desirable to whiten places that will not come into contact with clothing,
- calcium hydroxide is a natural antiseptic with medium effectiveness. It cannot completely protect against mold, but it will significantly complicate its settlement and subsequent growth.
Brick painting is performed to protect the walls to increase the durability of structures. The protective function is extremely important if the temperature and humidity regime changes quickly and unpredictably. Without such protection, the brick is quickly saturated with water, and it very easily destroys it.
Walls will be destroyed excessively quickly. Equally important is the improvement of aesthetic parameters - if they are in the first place, you need to use paint with enhanced decorative characteristics.
The brick wall on the balcony is a great addition to almost any interior style: loft, Mediterranean, country, modern, Scandinavian, boho chic and even in the African style. However, it can not always organically fit into the interior in its pristine color.
The most affordable way to eliminate this problem is to cover the wall on the balcony with paint that is contrasting or close to the color scheme of the room. It will save the texture of the brick and make the interior more holistic.
Also, a natural brick wall in the interior is always fashionable, for example, brick and natural stone - this is one of the trends in the design of the kitchen of 2019.
But painting the brick is not as simple as it seems: the whole process requires additional preparatory and final work with masonry. It can be divided into several stages.
What paint to paint a brick wall on the balcony
First of all, pay attention to the purpose of the paint - interior work.
- The composition of such a coating contains components that are harmless to human health. These include acrylic, alkyd, oil and mineral paints. If the balcony is glazed, then the best option is acrylic based paint. For an unglazed balcony, these are oil and mineral.
- Choose paints from the middle or expensive segment. Since the economy class of the paint is short-lived and they are problematic in application.
- More natural on a brick wall look matte paints, rather than glossy
- Calculation of the amount of paint required: on average, if it takes 0.05 liters per square meter on a regular wall m. Then on the brick you need to take from 0, 1-0.15 liters per square meter. m. Also, when growing, look at the label and add 50% of the recommended amount.
- Choice of color: take the usual white paint and use the pigments to mix the color you want. If you are afraid to make a mistake, then ask the sellers of the store to do it for you.
If you have a concrete wall on your balcony, check out the article on how to paint concrete.
Wall paint technology
Painting a brick wall is a long and laborious process. Having a porous surface, the brick absorbs any paint and varnish materials, so for a perfectly even color you will need to apply several layers. In this case, to apply a new layer, you need to wait for the previous one to dry. When painting, it is possible to use completely different techniques to create a matte and glossy finish, a plain color or gradient, aged, shabby and deliberately rough look. Graffiti applied to a brick wall will organically fit into certain styles. Its aesthetics and elegance are present in plain walls in pastel or neutral shades: gray, black, white, beige, pale blue, etc.
Paint the wall with a brush
- With a small brush from the beginning, paint the seams between the bricks.
- Then with a wide brush with wide strokes we cover the area of bricks
- Paint treatment is carried out from top to bottom on the wall.
TIP: Take small areas not larger than 1 by 1 meter: the stitches are painted over and then the surface is dry
The principle of painting with a roller is the same: the seams were initially treated with a fine brush. And while the paint was not completely dry, they scooped up paint for the roller and treated it with a surface. The beauty of this technique is that it is much faster to paint than with a brush and the paint goes more evenly. It is possible to create the illusion of a perfectly flat wall.
After the paint has dried, usually after 1 or 2 days, it is advisable to cover the wall of the balcony with varnish or paint fixative.
Screen painting technique
This technique involves coating only part of the wall with paint, for example, you can make a world map or other drawing.
- To do this, we process the wall as described above.
- On paper parchment or even an old piece of wallpaper cut out a stencil.
- Using double-sided tape or liquid nails we fasten to the wall.
- We paint with a brush or roller.
stencil for painting a world map
Apply the stencil to the wall
Technique "1 brick"
This technique of painting a balcony wall for fans will work hard, but the result is worth it. You can make such a rainbow-colored wall if you paint each brick in different colors.
TIP: In this technique, it is better to do the opposite: first paint the surface of the brick with a brush, and then process the masonry joints with dark black or dark gray paint.
The inscriptions on the top of the painted wall
The inscriptions on top of the paint on the brick look very stylish. To do this, after the base has completely dried, a pencil drawing is applied. It is best to apply with the cheapest marker - it is easily erased !! The inscription is painted over with black paint. Such inscriptions look especially beautiful with black furniture in the interior.
Painted brickwork on the balcony requires regular cleaning of stains, dirt and grease.
- To protect against the appearance of plaque and heavy pollution, the wall should be additionally treated with protective agents or a special water-based varnish, which also will provide the painted brick with a more presentable appearance and a long service life.
- But no matter how strong the paint and varnish materials used, from time to time the wall will have to be repainted, because salt deposits inside the brick have a negative effect on the finish layer.
Remember that getting rid of the finishing layer and returning the brick to its original appearance will not work. But even if you change your mind about painting a brick wall, deciding to preserve its natural appearance, do not refuse transparent protective coatings, oils and impregnations. They will refresh the look of the brick and allow it to last longer.
You can create such a popular style of decorating your home as painting a brick wall in bright or white colors yourself. To do this, you need to properly prepare the surface and paint the masonry.
On the street: the best choice of paint
It is worth considering several points:
- In the future, it is almost impossible to remove paint from a brick. It will not be possible to return the original color to the material, and you can only change the appearance by repainting it.
- The outer wall should be painted at a temperature of + 25 ° C and more, otherwise stains may appear on the surface. For coloring use a spray gun.
- Start work from the top edge and apply paint in two or three layers, allowing the surface to dry. Modern high-quality paints make it possible to hide some surface imperfections and minor oversights in the work of the painter. For accurate work, use masking tape. It is glued to adjacent unpainted areas.
When choosing paint for work, consider the style in which the house is built. For the integrity of the image of the site, a neutral color is chosen when staining the brickwork.
Interior decoration: what to paint
For painting the internal walls, it is necessary to carry out preparatory work. This applies to the removal of furniture from the room, so that it is easier to carry out staining.
- Cover the floor with film or other material to prevent contamination.
- Work is carried out by a roller with a long pile or brush. Paint the wall with stripes that go 1-2 mm on top of each other.
- It is preferable to paint with a brush. This way the masonry surface is felt better and the strokes are more even. Paint the wall in the horizontal direction according to the texture of the masonry. For alkyd and oil paints, natural hair brushes are used. Their width should be between 75-100 mm. Corners are treated with a narrow brush with a cut edge.
- The use of a roller is advisable when a carelessly rolled layer is created on the wall that adorns the interior of the room. Brick quickly absorbs a lot of paint and the roller will have to work for a long time to create a perfectly smooth surface.