Since before the advent of flash-drives, one had to use exclusively drives (for a long time it was the only way to transfer large amounts of information) there are several stages in their development:
Main difference between interfaces (connectors) is the speed of their work. Only the IDE has additional rules that will be discussed below.
First, consider an external drive. To install and connect a DVD-drive to a Windows 7, 8, 10 computer, you will need one of the possible solutions:
- External drive. Sometimes on the market you can find ready-made external devices. They are not too expensive (5-10% more expensive than usual).
- Board or adapter. An extremely rare option, as it is usually used in service centers (due to its unattractive appearance). This board connects to the USB port on the one hand, and on the other, plugs into a standard internal drive.
An external optical CD-DVD drive is connected in 3 stages:
- Plug cord to the computer’s USB connector.
- To wait recognition and settings devices that happen automatically.
- Proceed to use of.
The procedure for connecting through an adapter is identical to a laptop and is discussed below.
Where to put the drive
The most popular place to mount the device is the compartment at the top of the front panel, which has a size similar to the size of the drive, that is 3.5 inches. In most cases there are several such pockets, which allows you to put an additional drive in a finished or assembled PC.
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As a rule, this pocket is initially hidden by a plug - a plastic or metal plate, which must be removed before installing the drive. On some cases there is one compartment with a hinged door - it’s best to install the device behind it.
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It is most convenient to mount the drive on the front side. It can be inserted into an open pocket, that is, with a remote plug, since the dimensions allow. It remains only to fix the device with screws, as well as connect the power and SATA ‐ interface for data transfer.
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No additional drivers need to be installed. In BIOS, the main boot device should be assigned a hard disk with Windows installed, and an optical drive as an additional one.
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Despite the fact that the cases of different form factors can have different dimensions, the dimensions of their pockets are standard, as they are designed to install devices with dimensions of 2.5 or 3.5 inches.
It should also be borne in mind that Slim-sized enclosures, that is, thin or ultra-thin, may involve vertical mounting of an optical drive.
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This requires appropriate modification with a special groove for the vertical loading of optical discs. There is no fundamental difference between the position of the disk - any of these options function normally.
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Turning off the old
In order to remove the old drive, you will need several actions:
- Unscrew the screwsto make room for a new one and not break the case (red in the image).
- Take out the cables data and power (circled in green in the image).
- Pull out the drive itself through the front panel (not inside the case, but out).
The main problem is disconnecting old wires. In very rare cases, they contain latches that must first be opened.
After removing the old drive, do the following in the following order:
- Install drive through the front panel.
- Screw in in place to fix the CD-DVD ROM.
- Connect cable power and data to the motherboard and power supply.
The actions are essentially the opposite with one permutation. It is not necessary to twist the device, but it’s better to “grab” a couple of bolts at least on one side.
The moment the wires are connected, the installation procedure is not yet complete. BIOS should now identify and identify the presence of a device. There are no problems with SATA devices at this stage. The technology is extremely simple and, if power is supplied, the drive is operational and the data cable is not damaged - the determination will occur automatically and nothing will need to be configured.
Also note that at/> Notebooks use their own version of drives. The complexity is increased by the fact that each model uses either a manufacturer-standard drive or an exclusive option. Connection Methods at the same time do not change. Only the form is subject to change. Because of this, only the strictly appropriate model of CD-DVD ROM is selected for replacement. On the other hand, in the complete absence of a drive, you need to get out of the situation in other ways. A good solution might serve as an adapter, which helps to connect different drives to different devices. The main feature of such devices is the availability of a separate power supply. It will need to be connected to a power outlet, and then the adapter itself must be turned on:
Drives and laptops
Notebooks use their own version of drives. The complexity is increased by the fact that each model uses either a manufacturer-standard drive or an exclusive option. Connection Methods at the same time do not change. Only the form is subject to change.
Because of this, only the strictly appropriate model of CD-DVD ROM is selected for replacement. On the other hand, in the complete absence of a drive, you need to get out of the situation in other ways. A good solution might serve as an adapter, which helps to connect different drives to different devices.
The main feature of such devices is the availability of a separate power supply. It will need to be connected to a power outlet, and then the adapter itself must be turned on:
After that, the device connects to USB on the laptop and works like an internal device. There are various types of adapters, but they all work according to the general principle: apply power to the adapter itself, transfer power to the drive, convert and transfer data via a USB connection.
Such adapters are suitable not only for laptops, but also for computers.
Two or more drives
You can also put two or a second drive on one system unit - for example, separate for DVD and Blu-ray discs. The differences in installation are not fundamental: first we install and fasten the first, then the second, and then connect the data transfer interface and power to each.
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An external drive is connected using a USB cable and does not imply mounting the device in a case - even its design itself is designed as a logically complete portable component of a computer. When using it, you can keep it next to the system unit and remove it if necessary.
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And the last thing I would like to clarify. The case without a drive is gaining popularity, that is, those that do not provide for its use at all.
For example, some top-end cases for gaming assemblies suggest that the owner keeps pace with progress and has long abandoned the use of obsolete optical discs.
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And the developers are absolutely right - most gamers will do fine without a drive today, but hardly without a powerful video card.
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And I want to remind you a little that the necessary components for building a PC, including if you forget something, can be found in this popular online store. I also advise you to read the publications on connecting the power supply to the computer and the DVD drive to the motherboard.
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You will find instructions on how to install the motherboard in the system unit here.
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Thank you for your attention, friends, and do not forget to share this article on social networks! Till tomorrow!
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Drive to PC connection diagram
Before directly connecting the drive, turn off the power to the computer. You can pull the plug out of the socket, but more correctly, turn off the power supply to the system unit itself. This is done here:
There is a plug on the back wall of the system unit (in the upper left corner). It needs to be pulled out, and food will disappear. It is impossible to confuse the plugs: they go directly to the power supply. After turning off the computer, you can start connecting the drive:
- Remove the two side covers from the system unit case. This must be done, because the drive is secured on both sides. To do this, unscrew the bolts on the back of the case:
Then, gently, slightly pressing, the cover is pushed back and removed from the mounts. After that, access to the drive is open, and the process of connecting it begins directly.
If there is no drive in principle (old), skip this step. If one is present, it must be disconnected, pulled out and replaced with a new one. All cables that connect the device to the system board must be disconnected. It is enough to disconnect them from one side, from the drive, and then remove the drive itself from the mounts:
Finally, when there is free space, you should start connecting a new drive. It is necessary to start with its location and fixing in the body.
Place the drive outside the system unit, on the front of the case, and carefully push it in until it stops:
Next, according to the previous photo, tighten the holders. It can be either ordinary bolts or more sophisticated methods of fixing the device. Their essence, however, is one - to firmly hold the drive in the body of the system unit. It can be twisting valves, latch, etc.
After fixing the device, connect the wires correctly:
The thin and red cable is SATA, it controls the device. Wider - power cable.
The SATA cable is connected to the desired connector on the motherboard (it is so designated - SATA):
Well, the drive’s power cable does not need to be connected anywhere, since it initially comes directly from the power supply:
Ultimately, the body of the system unit is closed by covers, they are fixed with bolts behind. After all these steps, the installation process of the drive is considered complete.
In a completely identical way, the floppy drive is also connected (for floppy disks). He, of course, is not respected, but some manufacturers have left support for this type of device.
It is worth considering specific details in the connection process. For example, to connect such a drive you need the following plug (Molex connector) from the power supply:
And the device is connected to the motherboard (the connector is designated as IDE) exclusively by the FDD cable:
This video shows how to connect a drive. It does not take into account the connection of wires, but special knowledge is not required for this. The main problem arises during the physical installation of the device.
Connecting a drive via BIOS
If you are sure that you connected the drive completely correctly, but the system did not recognize it automatically, it’s possible the BIOS’e.
In order to get into it, you must press certain keys during the boot of the operating system. Often, this is the DEL key on the keyboard, but it may vary depending on the BIOS version, computer configuration, etc. When you boot the computer, “Press X to enter setup” may appear in the lower corners. It is the button that will be indicated instead of "X", and you need to click to get into the BIOS.
Next, you need to find the appropriate section, using arrows to navigate and confirming your choice with Enter’a:
- SATA-Device (for a drive with a SATA connector),
- IDE-Device (for IDE drives),
- USB-Device (for USB-drives, including external).
Inside this section you should find the name of your drive. If Disabled is written next to it, you need to change the value to Enabled (Russian is enabled). After that, the device will be recognized by the system and will work.
Transferring a PC drive to a laptop and vice versa
There are situations when you need to use the drive, but it is not on the PC (or it is on a stationary computer, but not on the laptop). There are two ways to do this. The first one is the most complex one, it requires a complete understanding of what is planned to be done, mastery of a soldering iron and radio engineering knowledge. The procedure itself consists in remelting contacts and many other nuances. We will not consider this method because of its complexity and, often, inappropriateness in terms of "expended forces / final result".
The second way is to buy an adapter. In the corresponding stores there is a large number of adapters for every taste:
- PATA / USB
- SATA / USB
- IDE / USB
- SATA / IDE onwards in order of priority.
The procedure for connecting drives is identical to that described previously. SATA plugs are inserted into specially designated places on the motherboard. They are indicated by the text on the board - USB plug into a USB port, etc.
As an example, consider the connection scheme of an IDE drive from a laptop to a computer via a SATA adapter:
- The IDE cable is inserted into the adapter and the back end into the drive,
- the reverse side of the adapter (SATA) is connected to the system board,
- the cable from the power supply is connected to the drive in the standard manner.
From this moment, the drive from the laptop fully works, connected to the computer. If you are using a SATA / USB adapter, then you do not need to connect power. The current in the USB connector is completely enough for the device to work. To find out, check the documentation for the drive (if available).
Exactly the same method works when connecting a computer’s drive to a laptop (this is where a USB adapter is often used). This rule applies to external drives.
Connecting a drive is a snap, although at first it may seem a bit confusing. All connectors are signed, and it’s unlikely that it will be wrong to connect the device without breaking something in the process. Observe safety precautions by turning off the power, but otherwise there will be no difficulties.