A very fascinating topic is catching perch. A lot can be written about catching this fish, so I think the article will be rather big. What is so interesting about catching perch, you ask? Well, since you came to this article, it means that you are already interested in this fish and you clearly want to learn how to catch it or improve your skills and reinforce your knowledge.
And of course, perch is a popular fish, in terms of fishing, because it is a predator, which means that you can catch it on any tackle - on a fishing rod, on a spinning rod, or even on a donka. Perch does not lose activity even in winter, which means you can catch it all year round. Its activity is also slightly dependent on the weather, it is almost always hungry and ready to bite.
In addition, perch, the fish is quite common, and in almost one of the two reservoirs it is. In small ponds or rivers, perch grows not very large, and in reservoirs and large rivers you can catch a copy of several kilograms. Such large perches usually have a pronounced hump on the back, from which they received the nickname - humpbacks. Small okushki are affectionately called sailors.
In this article we will analyze how to catch perch, what places of the reservoir he prefers, what time of the year and day he bites better, what tackle and equipment, baits and bait to use for his fishing. In general, we will analyze all the important trifles of catching perch, so that in the end its catch will be given to you as quickly as possible. After all, you should understand that reading how to fish is one thing, but the thing in practice is another. But, believe me, if you read this article, catching perch will be much easier for you and you will learn this simple matter very quickly.
For fishing perch, for the most part, two tackles are used - this is a float fishing rod and a spinning rod. Spinning fishing is, of course, considered to be a more targeted catch of perch, while other diverse fish fall into the float rod along with the perch. Well, of course, if we are not talking about catching perch on live bait.
More experienced fishermen usually catch perch on spinning, and beginners and amateurs use it on a fishing rod. Let's start with the spinning gear for catching perch.
For catching perch, it is necessary to choose a fishing rod with a length in the range of 1.8-2.4 meters. Choose the most convenient, well-lying and lightweight fishing rod. Catching perch - these are frequent short castings of the bait and wave with a spinning reel. If you take an uncomfortable, heavy rod, then fishing will quickly turn into a routine, and pleasure will begin to replace fatigue.
Spinning test, choose up to 10 grams. Catching perch mainly takes place on small light baits, for which a large spinning test is absolutely unnecessary. Moreover, such a spinning will be as light and sensitive as possible.
Another important factor is the spinning system. So, you should not buy a spinning spinning system for catching perch. It is optimal to take a medium or even slow build. Such a system of the rod will maximize the casting distance of the light bait and will allow you to catch thinner equipment on the perch.
Equip the fishing rod with a small inertialess reel with a spool capacity of 1000. Usually, perch is caught on an ordinary fishing line - monofilament, with a diameter of not more than 0.18 mm. But if you use a braid, then a diameter of 0.1 mm is quite enough, because the strength of the braid is much higher. More about the choice of spinning gear I described in a previous article.
Perch fishing rod
Catching perch on a fishing rod can be divided into two different methods, for which slightly different fishing rods and equipment are used. These are fly and match fishing rods. For those who do not understand the difference I explain.
Fly fishing rod - This is a common, well-known, float fishing rod for everyone since childhood. The principle of which lies in the blind snap, fishing line along the length of the rod and no matter with or without a reel. With a reel, it is certainly more convenient to rewind a fishing line, to let go of the required length, but even without a reel, such tackle does not lose relevance.
For catching perch, fly rods of 4-5 meters are used, sometimes seven-meter rods are used, but I do not think this is a convenient way of fishing, although you can throw the equipment away. Mostly, perch is a small fish, and using a long rod will not be entirely advisable.
Match Rod equipped with an inertia-free coil and heavier rigging (float and sinker), which allows casting several tens of meters. The equipment will also fit deaf, because fishing for perch usually does not occur from the bottom, but from a half-water or from a meter deep.
Fishing line for perch fishing rod is used with a diameter of up to 0.2 mm. The hook is medium or small, although even a small perch is quite capable of swallowing a large hook, so the size of the hook can be picked up “by eye” - if there are many gatherings, then you should put the hook smaller, well, or more, if the hook is already small.
If we talk about catching perch on a fishing rod, then there are several main lures for which the perch is perfectly caught:
Yes, nothing abstruse, an ordinary dung worm, bait fish, bloodworms or maggot are excellent bait for catching perch. But you should understand the main points:
- Fishing for live bait involves catching a larger perch (although small bait can be used to catch perch from the palm and even less),
- Fishing for live bait is aimed specifically at catching perch and other fish will not bite (if you are lucky, a small pike can bite).
- When fishing for maggots, worms or bloodworms, peaceful fish such as crucian carp, roach, bleak and others will fall into the mix with perch.
Well, talking about fishing for a worm, bloodworm and maggot does not make sense, although if you are a beginner angler it will be useful for you to read about how to properly attach these baits to the hook. But to talk more specifically about bait fish perch stands.
It is best to catch perch on such fry:
- bleak or high water
Try to pick up the size of live bait for perch no longer than 5 cm, otherwise you will most likely come across a pike that will bite the fishing line and you will be left with nothing. It should be remembered that perch is a small predator, therefore small bait is also needed.
Cast live bait should be within 20 cm from the surface of the water - 15 cm from the bottom. If you lower bait fish to the very bottom, he will find shelter and hide from the predator, and besides, he will also confuse you with the tackle about the bottom plants and driftwood.
You need to hook the live bait under the upper fin, the sting of the hook is open, that is, we pass the hook completely through the body of the fry and bring it out so that the perch is well caught when biting. When attaching the fry to the hook, proceed carefully so as not to damage the ridge, otherwise the fry will fall asleep very quickly and cease to be of interest to the predator.
Where to catch perch
To begin with, where perch lives. Perch can be found in any reservoir - large and small rivers, lakes, ponds, reservoirs. Often, perch even comes to desalinated areas of the seas, at the confluence of rivers.
On the reservoir itself, it doesn’t matter whether it is a lake or a river, perch can occupy absolutely any areas. It can be near the shore in shallow water, in deep holes, along the thickets of reeds or in the middle of a river or lake.
Perch is actively moving throughout the water body of the reservoir, and you can find its location by the way it hunts for fry and small fish shy in different directions on the water surface.
The perch may not manifest itself at all at half past midnight, but usually you do not have to wait long for a bite of a perch, and soon after casting one of the flocks of perches will surely swim next to your bait and will be interested in it.
When fishing perch for spinning, you must constantly move in search of a flock of perches. If there is a bite to spinning, you should continue to catch this place further. Where one bite of a perch happened, the next one will follow, because the perch always moves in fairly numerous schools.
In shallow water, there is usually more perch, there are a lot of small fish, which our minke hunts for. But here it is rarely possible to catch a large perch and usually small snacks hunt here. Large humpback perch prefers to hide in pits and at great depths. Outsmarting such a perch is much more difficult, so catching a large perch is quite difficult.
Look for perch by splashes of small fish in the water. Hunting perch is very noticeable on the surface of the water, when the baby in attempts to hide from the striped predator literally jumps on the water.
When to catch perch
Perch is caught all year round; neither summer heat nor winter frosts can stop it from starvation. This predator is quite voracious and eats all year. Periods, he is more active, periods less. But on the whole, there is no complete lack of fish in any of the seasons.
It should also be noted that perch is a daytime fish and does not show activity at night. It feeds and is caught exclusively in the daytime, from morning to evening dawn. It is most active in the morning, especially in the hot season. In the summer day, its biting can become very weak or stop, but in the spring it can be caught no less actively than on the morning dawn.
The cooler the water, the greater the likelihood of a high activity of perch at noon. Conversely, the hotter, the less likely that the perch will actively eat at rush hour.
It is best to go fishing for perch in the morning. Thus, at any time of the year, you can successfully fish and enjoy the active biting whale. Good luck fishing - no tail, no scales!
Features of fishing by the seasons
Perch - a gambling fish that tries not to miss the opportunity to eat, if an attractive and easily accessible object comes into its field of vision. However, each time of the year leaves certain imprints on the behavior of a predator. This must be taken into account when going to a pond for a striped robber.
Spring is perhaps the most controversial period during which you have to work hard to catch perch. Spawning, frequent changes in the weather, rise, and then decline, of water level leave an imprint on the behavior of fish. Conventionally, spring fishing can be divided into two stages:
- early spring,
- post-spawning period.
Catching perch in the spring during these periods is significantly different; it requires a spinning specialist to understand the habits of a predator, knowledge of a reservoir, and the ability to choose a key for intractable fish.
The pre-spawning period is short. Perch leaves early for spawning, right after the pike. Therefore, we must catch these weeks or two, because often weighty individuals fly onto the hook. Then the fish closes its mouth and goes to spawning grounds.
In early spring, the striped robber is sought on uneven terrain. It stands at the bottom at depths of 2 to 6 meters. He likes to occupy dumps, pits, edges, various depressions and local shelters. Fish does not rise in the upper layers.
Spawning, the perch gradually spreads over the water area. Now you can meet him everywhere. Small specimens cling to the shore, taking shelter near the flooded branches and shrubs. Medium-sized individuals are kept at medium depths near the edges, drops and other bottom anomalies. A large predator prefers pits, dumps closer to the channel, snag.
The warmer it becomes, the more actively the perch begins to behave. Spring fish is hungry after a long winter and spawning, therefore, having been ill, it begins to eat off. The predator increasingly rises to the upper layers, chases the fry, betraying its presence.
Beginning in May, the peak of perch activity shifts towards morning and evening hours. At this time, the fish rises to the surface, eagerly responds to the proposed lures: small turntables, miniature wobblers, rubber equipped with light jig heads with an open hook.
In late spring, the striped robber completely switches to a summer diet. He stumbles into small groups. The smaller the individuals, the more numerous the joint. The predator periodically makes forays to the fry, creating cauldrons on the surface. Having eaten, it stands near algae, on the edge, near snags and other shelters.
In the summer, perch is dispersed throughout the water area. Most of the small and medium-sized predators occupy shallow areas with aquatic vegetation. There is a lot of food, there is shelter from a larger predator. Weighty specimens stand on the edge, dumps, near strong places. A win-win option where you can find the striped robber is the bridge piers. It is convenient for the fish to disguise themselves here, there is shelter from a strong stream of water, a lot of food.
Fishing for spinning in the summer on perch involves the use of the most diverse baits:
- rear loaded spinners,
- poppers and walkers,
- micro vibration
- shallow minnow.
A separate area is microjig, which allows you to catch the striped robber everywhere, using classic jig montages only with a load of up to 5 grams.
On rivers, a diversion leash is a promising direction. It allows you to catch spinning from the shore at considerable distances, exploring distant edges, dumps, rifts, grooves, pits, where a medium-sized and large predator always grazes.
In September, while still warm, the striped robber behaves like a summer. Therefore, it is necessary to catch perch for spinning in the same way as all three previous months, exploring the coastal zone, shallow overgrown areas, paying special attention to the water column and the surface horizon.
At the end of September, when it starts to get colder, you can go on a jig. It allows you to successfully fish at the bottom. In addition to jig methods, weighted turntables, narrow-body oscillators, dipping rolls and shades, rattlins work.
With cooling, the perch leaves the shallow water. The bulk of the fish rolls to the edge, dumps, channel rolls, falls to the pits and ditches. Now the predator stands at the bottom, rarely appearing at the surface. No pronounced activity peaks are observed; it feeds on yields throughout the daylight hours.
Catching perch in October is primarily a jig installation and remote equipment. In small ponds they fish with microjig or light, in large deep and deep water areas it is necessary to use heavy gear. In addition to the usual articulated equipment, anglers apply:
- Leash - on piles and rifts.
- Drop shot - at local points, near separately lying snags and tree trunks.
- Carolina and Texas rigs - when narrowing in strong places.
If the fisherman managed to find a cluster of perch, then we can expect that the fish will take throughout the day. As a rule, in one flock there are specimens of the same weight. You will have to run after the plump face.
In late autumn, it is not always possible to pick up a key to a predator. The fish concentrates on deep areas, not always responding to the proposed bait. As in October, in the first place in terms of performance is a jig and spaced equipment. Other fishing methods are significantly inferior in efficiency.
In November, perch fishing is carried out mainly by passive baits. In addition to the popular rubber, foam rubber fish should not be discarded. In cold water, they often beat the usual twisters, worms, vibro-tails and slugs.
In winter, on non-freezing sections of rivers, some fanatical fishermen continue to catch spinning. And they are doing it very successfully. Predators are searched for on river beds:
- on long ditches
- in the pits
- on piles and rolls,
- about snags.
The main direction of perch fishing in winter is a bypass lead. The fish behaves passively, because this installation shows itself better than other methods. And you can also try the classic articulated version on the eared sinker, where a small foam rubber will act as bait.
Tackle for perch is selected based on the used bait and fishing methods. If you do not go to extremes, then a universal kit that allows you to use turntables, oscillators, wobblers and rubber, looks like this:
- The rod is 2.10–2.40 meters tall, the test is 3–15 or 5–20 grams, the system is medium-fast,
- 2000 inertialess coil with a reduction of about 5.0: 1. The presence of two spools is mandatory, under the fishing line and braid.
- A cord with a diameter of about 0.12 mm, a monophilic thread with a thickness in the region of 0.18-0.22 mm,
- No leash required or thin fluorocarbon is used.
When fishing for microjig and UL, the appropriate kit is selected that allows the use of weightless bait. If a fisherman tunes himself to fishing by jig and spaced rigs, then they buy an “adult” ammunition, which makes it possible to fish in the given conditions.
Choosing a spinning rod for perch is quite simple. It is necessary to adhere to the basic rules and take into account the features of fishing, the used bait, fishing methods, animation techniques. The perch has weak lips, therefore increased demands are made on the depreciation capacity of the form. The fishing rod should knit a predator well, extinguish its jerks, not allowing it to leave the hook.
An important indicator of a perch “rod” is its sensitivity. Особенно данная характеристика важна в рыбалке на джиг, разнесенные оснастки и ульралайтовые приманки. Спиннинг должен фиксировать самые несмелые поклевки и позволять отчетливо контролировать проводку на всех ее этапах.
Грамотно собрать спиннинг на окуня – это значит добиться идеального баланса снасти. Удилище должно гармонировать с выбранной катушкой, не клевать вершинкой и не заваливать комель. Then the fisherman will be able to fully use the kit, performing any methods of animating the lures.
The choice of spinning length is determined by the fishing conditions. It is important to imagine in which ponds fishing will take place, with what lures and rigs, whether the boat will be used or whether the fisherman will prefer moving sailing from the shore:
- For coastal fishing on medium and large rivers, rods with a length of 2.20 to 2.70 meters are used. They allow you to make long casts using heavy equipment,
- For small rivers, small ponds and toads, "rods" are recommended, with growth from 1.90 to 2.40 meters,
- In cramped conditions or when hunting from a boat, fishing rods with a length of 1.80–2.10 meters should be used. They do not constrain movement, it is convenient to throw baits with them, carry out postings, fish out fish.
Short spinning rods are convenient for fishing with twitching mines and other jerking lures. It is comfortable to fish with long “sticks” on a leash and other spaced installations.
The test spinning range for perch fishing can vary widely. It is determined by the used baits and fishing conditions:
- "Adult" jig and spaced equipment in medium and large ponds - test from 10 to 50 grams,
- Fishing on small rivers with different baits - from 5 to 20 grams,
- Twitching, surface lures - from 7 to 25 grams,
- Microjig, micro-vibrations and other UL-baits - from 1 to 8 grams,
- Nanojig, fishing "under your feet", mormyshki and similar directions - from 0 to 3 grams.
You should always try to take spinning with a real test. Often manufacturers commit serious deviations from these values. As a result, anglers buy either a too “snotty” fishing rod or an overly powerful and insensitive “mop”.
Fishing line and cord
When fishing perch, you can use both braided thread and monophilic fishing line. The choice is due to the used baits and fishing methods. Somewhere, the sensitivity and stiffness of a multi-fiber cord is required, somewhere elongation of a nylon thread is needed.
Monofilament fishing line for perch is used when the angler’s main bait is a spinner. She twists the thread. Nylon copes with this much better. But the cord begins to get tangled and loop, which inevitably leads to a "beard" and the subsequent breakage of tens of meters of expensive braid.
Nylon scaffolding is also used when using vibrating spinners. The thread works well with rolls, rattlins, and even silicone baits if they apply uniform wiring to them. The main advantage of the monolesque is its extensibility, which allows minimizing fish gatherings when fighting.
The cord is a rigid connection with the bait and maximum sensitivity. Without it, there is no way in jigging and twitching, spaced snap-ins and top-drivers. And also the braid is suitable for rolls, shads, rattlins and hesitations. They do not twist the line much, unlike monofilament.
Briefly about the bait
Perhaps there is no such bait that the perch has not reacted to. This gambling predator will never miss the opportunity to enjoy the easy prey that has appeared in his field of vision. Therefore, it is caught on:
- Silicone: twisters, worms, creatures, vibro-tails, slugs, octopuses.
- Wobblers: krenki, minnow, rattlins, shades, compounders.
- Spoon-baits: turntables, oscillators, pilkers.
- Other: spinnerbait, tail spinners, fly-wobblers, streamers and others.
The specific choice depends on the preferences of the fisherman, fishing method and fishing conditions.
There are many ways to catch perch. The most universal is light, in which baits weighing from 3 to 15 grams are used. In light spinning, you can use a variety of lures. Therefore, the fishing of the striped robber is recommended to begin with it.
And also ultralight is popular among anglers. These are baits weighing from 0 to 5-7 grams. As a rule, small spinners and miniature wobblers are used. When fishing in the UL, a common guest in catches is the chub, rudd and ide that are caught in by-catch.
A separate branch of ultra-light spinning is microjig. Perch is caught with small silicone baits ranging in size from ¾ to 3 inches, mounted on jig heads and eared sinkers. Recently, rubber made from edible material has been very popular.
Twitching perch is also a separate fishing area, which has its own subtleties and fishing secrets. Small wobblers of the mine class are used here, with a length of 3 to 7 cm and a weight of not more than 7 grams. The most productive way is in the summer.
In warm weather, when perch feeds on the surface, fishing with surface lures is a very interesting and exciting activity. More often than predators, poppers up to 5–6 cm long are used. Walkers are less popular. Some anglers use propbaits and crawlers.
Hunting perch is relatively simple. The most important thing is to detect its localization. You need to start with a methodical study of the zone, making fan casts. Particular attention is paid to coastal algae, abrupt anomalies at the bottom and coastline, snags, rifts, calm reaches.
If fishing is carried out in cool weather, then the area should be started from the bottom horizon. In the warm season, on the contrary, it is necessary to examine the surface layer, then the thickness and bottom. Initially, they strive to find an active perch, which willingly responds to the proposed bait.
In general, you need to constantly look for optimal bait and methods of their animation, adjusting to the mood of the perch. It is advisable to get out into the pond, having in its arsenal different lures, so that at the right moment it will be reconstructed to the situation.
Caught perch must not be caught too quickly. He has weak lips, so he often goes off if the angler forces events. It is necessary to correctly adjust the friction brake of the reel and exercise exposure, weakening all jerks of the fish. The power version is used when the predator is near algae or snags, so as not to allow him to confuse the equipment and get off the hook.
Spinning and pike fishing
Some anglers, especially beginners, want to have a universal tackle that will allow them to catch both pike and perch using most spinning lures. Of course, for a tweak or a jig, it is difficult to assemble such a kit, but for turntables, oscillators and other equipment it is quite possible.
A universal set for pike and perch is as follows:
- The fishing rod is medium-quick, with a height of 2.10–2.40 meters, a test on baits of 5–20 grams,
- Spinning reel size 2500, universal with a reduction of about 5.0: 1,
- Monofilament fishing line with a thickness of 0.20-0.25 mm with a breaking load of up to 3-5 kg.
The main bait of a universal orientation, which equally successfully catches pike and perch, is a banal spinner. Rear-loaded models, such as Mepps Aglia and Blue Fox Super Vibrax, are used for the upper layers and in the water column. Front loaded baits allow hunting near the bottom.
In addition to turntables, other lures are used for pike and perch:
- oscillating spinners from 5 to 8 cm in size,
- krenki and shads from 5 to 7 cm long,
- rattlins and topwaters from 4 to 7 cm.
In overgrown shallow waters, good results are shown by small models of spinnerbates and ketchers.
The basic wiring for catching perch and pike is uniform. Depending on the activity of the fish and the horizon of its stay, the bait can be fed from super slow to very fast. High-speed animation is used when you need to quickly find a feeding predator. If its parking is known, but there is no bite, then the work of the spinner on the verge of failure can arouse interest even in sluggish and apathetic specimens.
While catching pike and perch, a leash is used. The best option would be fluorocarbon fishing line. It is not as noticeable as "steel", but has good abrasion resistance. This allows you to increase the protection against slices, without significantly affecting the number of bites.
Spinning is the best fishing direction for perch fishing. It has everything - dynamics, excitement, emotions, sports component. The hunt for artificial bait will not leave anyone indifferent, and the high productivity of fishing will always allow you to return home with a catch.