Our abilities are granted to us by nature, but this is not a gift and a jewel for all time, but an investment that can be multiplied or lost. Our ancestors who lived more than 2000 years ago understood this. The famous parable about talent that can be buried in the ground or put into circulation with profit tells exactly about this.
Modern science agrees with the sages of antiquity and confirms that our abilities are not given to us for life, like an eternal diamond. They are an earnest that will either develop into something worthwhile or die.
Remember how often our abilities fail us. After 30 years, it’s becoming more and more difficult for us to remember the necessary detail, name or date, we lack attention, we live on the thumb and with difficulty are able to come up with something new, at work or in business the brain reluctantly “creaks”, giving out trivial ideas and offering trails. While others make discoveries, start a successful business or decorate life with creativity in any manifestation, most successfully burrow talents into the ground, deeper every year. And now, a lazy brain meets typical diseases and shortcomings of old age, completely losing strength and freshness. Hello, the death of the mind, soul and - in the end - the body.
Modern science agrees with another statement of the parable: talent can be "invested in a profitable business", it must be developed. For this purpose, quite specific techniques and techniques have been developed, developed by psychologists and specialists in human cognitive abilities.
What do our abilities depend on?
A significant part of our abilities is rooted in the brain. Even a physical skill - like pushing a core or pulling up on a turnstile - is rooted in the brain. It is there that models of behavior are created and stored, as well as the skills that we use in everyday life, at work and school. Higher brain functions such as memory, speech, calculation, reasoning and others do not exist by themselves, but in close connection, as in this image.
You cannot develop thinking without developing memory, and memory without developed speech (for example, will it be difficult for you to store and bring out everything remembered with poor speech skills and meager vocabulary?) In some skills you can achieve high results, for example, in computing , and in some - more modest, for example, in oratory. However, one pulls the other and it is impossible to isolate one function from another.
The converse is also true: waving your hand at one function, you throw overboard and others.
There are several objective reasons why our mental abilities worsen over time. External factors include lifestyle, including unwillingness to develop, laziness of the mind, stress, physical stress, unhealthy diet, for example, alcohol with frequent use suppresses mental activity. Internal factors include reduced blood circulation, a small amount of oxygen (it is not by chance that it is recommended to provide jobs with good ventilation).
A significant part of the factors is under our control, if not completely, then partially. Their negative impact can be reduced. Everyone understands the importance of fresh, clean air and good nutrition. However, one factor remains outside the scope of most people's attention. This is a conscious, focused work on the development of cognitive abilities. There is a myth that all our abilities, our “mind and talent” were given to us from childhood through genes. This is not so. Our potential is really partly in the genes, but only in part. This potential is easy to lose if you do nothing, but it is also easy to develop if you invest in its growth. Don't we know the geeks who turned into a gray mass, and ordinary children who have lived a great and successful life? This happens all the time. All other things being equal (we do not take into account illness, war and other force majeure), the difference between the "mediocre prodigy" and the "talented middle peasant" is that the former passively relied on their talent, and the latter took action to develop.
Psychologists, neurologists and other specialists often say that these abilities need to be developed. An experienced neurologist, Margit Futih, the author of the book “Pump Your Brain” wrote that we often do not use all our mental potential, which adversely affects us. Moreover, we ourselves notice that sometimes the brain works worse than usual, and it happens that clarity of thinking leaves much to be desired, but we rarely do something to improve the situation. And you can fix this by working on yourself, by training your abilities, which will help our brain work more efficiently.
So, our abilities largely depend on training, and not a gift of fate.
A synapse is a connection between nerve cells in the brain (neurons). The more connections, the more developed our brain, it is capable of more. To simplify the situation, the difference between genius and mediocrity is the number and variety of synapses.
Thanks to synapses, we remember, create associations, come up with new ones. Synapses easily appear, but also easily disappear, if this link is not fixed. For example, you first heard someone’s name. A synapse formed. As a scattered person, after 5 minutes you forgot this name, and it, along with the synapse, disappeared from your brain forever. It is one thing to forget the name of an unimportant person for you, and another to lose whole memories, facts and fresh ideas.
Science has proven that a person is able to create new synapses all his life. And not just create, but strengthen them. Such brain plasticity underlies learning, memory, brain development, and thinking, in essence, is the process of creating neural connections in the brain. To a certain extent, our ability to improve ourselves consists in the formation of neural connections. Since these compounds are created through constant training, scientists believe that intelligence can expand and fluctuate depending on the mental effort exerted by a person.
If you do not train and develop your cognitive abilities, then you will lose these important connections, thereby worsening the general condition of your brain. In support of this, we can cite the results of a study of neurologists from the Karolinska Institute in Sweden. They found that memory training leads to a change in the number of receptors in the synapse structures involved in the mechanisms of memory, emotions, and learning.
Is it useful to play Tetris?
Surely you wondered whether it is useful to play computer games. The American researcher Richard Heyer asked himself the same thing. Heyer's experiment in his article was described by Andrea Kushevich, a doctor, researcher in the field of the influence of neuro-cognitive factors of human behavior.
And what does the synapse have to do with it?
As we said, any skill creates or strengthens many connections between brain cells. The same goes for such a “useless” venture as playing Tetris. But can playing Tetris alone make us smarter?
To answer this question, Heyer took people who had never played a game before as objects of study. He found that after training for several weeks, the objects of study showed an increase in cortical thickness, as well as an increase in the activity of the cerebral cortex, which was confirmed by an increase in the amount of glucose used in that area of the brain. Simply put, the brain used more energy throughout the training period and became thicker, which means more nerve connections, or the emergence of a new learned experience. Subjects became experts in Tetris.
But then some time passed, and brain activity during the game of Tetris decreased. Brain scans showed less brain activity during the game instead of increasing it, as in previous days. However, the participants played Tetris just as well; their skills did not deteriorate. What is the matter?
The reason is that the brain got used to Tetris, created and fixed all the necessary synapses, and now the game was easy for him, as if on a machine. We can say that the brain "got bored" without a new job and stopped developing. You can play Tetris for years, honing your abilities to the level of superior mastery, but at some time this activity will become too simple and familiar for the brain, and it will stop building synapses as actively as it did at first.
For the brain to continue to create new compounds and maintain their activity, you must move on to other stimulating activities. You should not just train your abilities, but also increase the number and complexity of tasks.
The answer to the original question is this: playing Tetris is useful, as you develop certain skills. Finally, you can become the champion of Tetris, if that is your task. However, neither Tetris himself, nor any other game individually will make you “smarter”. To do this, you need a lot of "games", that is, a variety of activities that will succeed each other, creating new connections and developing different brain functions.
Developing your mental and creative abilities, pay attention to technologies that use a variety of games with an increasing degree of complexity. Then your brain on the one hand will not get bored, and on the other, it will not develop one-sidedly, as with one single Tetris.
You can refer to modern technologies that greatly simplify our lives, but if you constantly rely only on useful modern conveniences, your abilities may suffer.
Everyone can develop their cognitive abilities, regardless of the initial level. With the help of simulators, a person’s ability to work in multitasking develops, which is very important in our time both in school and in work, quickly switching attention, not losing the necessary information, and also quickly analyzing it. If we take into account that cognitive abilities, by their nature, strive for development, then we simply must help them in this by working with cognitive simulators. This method is one of the recognized methods of maintaining mental health for many years!
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- Special Attack
- Special Protection
Eksu uses her fangs to crush the berries that she eats. Repeated regrowth of the fangs makes them even stronger and sharper.
Aksu marks the territory, leaving deep marks on the trees with his fangs. If Pokemon breaks a fang, a new one grows pretty quickly.
- Height 0.6 m
- Weight 18.0 kg
- Fanged Species
Rivalry Deals more damage to Pokémon of their gender.
Apathy Effects cannot be applied to a target regardless of an adversary’s ability.
What is a reaction?
So, first, we will understand what a reaction is. She is a serious element of self-defense. The higher the reaction, the sooner you cope with the suddenness and the more difficult it is for a person to be taken by surprise. A reaction refers to established actions in response to external influences — irritants. A simple reaction, or rather a reflex, happens like this:
an irritant affects organ receptors,
from there comes a signal to the brain,
the brain orders the body
it leads to muscle movement, and they contract and complete the task.
The body's response to stimuli is a reflex laid down by nature. It is important to be able to develop it to increase the speed of action.
This is how blinking functions in response to certain sudden eye irritants (for example, if a speck gets in), a knee-jerk reaction, as well as pulling fingers off the hot, etc.
In reality, most often, such a path is more difficult. Often involved not only the spinal cord, but also the brain. The reaction rate slows down if a person intervenes in the chain. For this reason, it is important to develop it and increase it in order to avoid interference from itself.
How to improve reaction speed
Are you interested in answering the question of how to improve the reaction rate? It is quite simple: regular classes. If people go in for sports 3-4 times a week, then to train the reaction you will need to make an effort every day.
The key secret of the increased reaction is the ability to concentrate at the required moment to the maximum. But, unfortunately, our body is not able to be in a state of high concentration for a long time. Therefore, the first task is to develop the ability to change periods of concentration and rest.
As a true athlete, you need to be able to switch to the state of highest concentration in a split second. And after that it is required to relax to the maximum, so that the body rests.
The speed of reaction is important in many life situations, and developing it is not as difficult as it seems at first glance.
Special online tests teach exactly this: maximum concentration and maximum relaxation at the right time. To improve the reaction rate, you need to focus only on a specific object. It is required to forget about the other that surrounds. It is difficult, but it is real to learn.
If a question arises regarding increasing the reaction rate, then another question must be answered immediately: what exactly are you going to develop the reaction to? People react to:
Thus, if you want to tackle the development of the reaction, then you will have to do this on one of these stimuli. In the future they can be mixed, but first, act gradually, train them in order.
Regardless of what type of reaction develops: visual, auditory or tactile, you need to understand exactly what acts as a response reflex in the course of classes, that is, what kind of established action. It’s more correct to train a certain sensitive receptor on various kinds of activity. You can develop the effect of the reaction even on the most ridiculous signals, but it is important to achieve a variety of activities during training, you must use the maximum muscle.
Such actions are required simple, and it is important to perform them with one touch or movement. These actions are different, they require a wide variety of efforts: from the execution of the “lie down” command to push-ups or pull-ups. It is important that these movements are simple.
It is important for you to determine what kind of reaction you are developing: auditory, visual or tactile. You won’t be able to train everything right away.
In addition, the role and meaning of the exercise plays a role, it should not be deprived of this, i.e. it is required to bear a specific meaning. In other words, exercise should come in handy in everyday life. The key emphasis when choosing here is to do security and gain various skills: sports, special. In this case, it is important to adequately choose a stimulus. For example, a sideways jump, a fall, but not nonsense, is simulated by a shot.
It is required to train little by little, to begin with simple exercises. This includes "get yavar" or the movement of objects. Another distinguishing feature of the process is the indispensable presence of a completely sudden and in no way controlled source of irritation. Training with orders for yourself is pointless and useless, and quickly get bored. Truly sudden quest sources are required.
The ideal choice would be another person, that is, a partner or trainer. Participation in the exercises of two people immediately introduces a competitive element into them. Everyone tries to beat the second, makes efforts to complicate the task of the enemy. In the role of a coach, take a friend, relative, etc. Few will refuse to develop the effect of the reaction.
Of course, if you are capable of this, then organize these conditions yourself, where there are a lot of surprises. But now let's look at some exercises that are designed to increase the reaction rate. Of course, they are not considered the ultimate truth, but an ordinary model, on the basis of which you will create various, more relevant, tasks.
Increased hearing response
In order to develop a response to hearing in the role of exposure, sound is used. It needs a clear start. An example is the sound of music, ringing, clicking, knocking, etc. Even the doorbell rings. When developing a reaction to sounds, it is necessary to interrupt the visible connection between the one who is training and the cause of the sound. In other words, the trainee should not predict the moment of sound appearance by the activity of the coach-partner. You can create sound behind your back or use a special program for your PC.
If an auditory reaction is developing for safety, then tasks are directed to established actions (lying emphasis, jump, bending, etc.). Here are examples of useful tasks:
the coach needs to go out the door. After the signal, the participant needs to transfer a specific object (this must be precisely indicated). Or take an item (from a shelf, from a pocket, from a drawer, etc.),
the trainer is standing behind him and sharply hits with a ruler on the surface of something. The trainee needs to take the same blow,
в ходе заданий на безопасность требуется тренировать процесс отнимания оружия или того, что используется вместо него, по сигналу звуком (топот, крики, стуки и т.п.),
Упражнения простые, но действенные. Вы можете изменять их или усложнять по собственному вкусу.
напарники сидят один против другого, а перед ними расположен предмет. The trainer moves around them and suddenly a sound appears (clap, whistle). Companions need to take a lying object by the sound - who is more likely. To complicate the task, the trainer can not only clap, but also say something like “bang”, “boom”, etc. Do not forget that partners can not hit their foreheads.
Increased touch response
Now the reaction to touch is being developed, i.e. a touch that is not controlled by the gaze, for example, from behind. This is a key safety feature. During training, it is required to blindfold if there is a working out of the tactility of the hands. And if safety tasks are performed, the trainer is located behind. Here are some examples for training:
the person is blindfolded on a chair; his hands need to be placed shoulder-width apart on the table. The coach suddenly and with an indefinite period of time touches the hands of the participant. The latter, when touched, should make a clap of palms. It’s important that a minimum of time elapses from touching to completing the action,
the trainer is standing back at arm's length. He touches the shoulder of the trainee. The latter needs to suddenly sit down, jump to one side, turn around and become in a combat pose.
Increased vision response
The reaction to vision is very important, because this is the main feeling. Almost all the data people get thanks to the eyes, because the development of reactions from the "visible" stimulus requires maximum time.
By the way, developing it is not difficult. In the course of the assignment, it is important to pay attention not only to responding to an established event, but also to the person’s choice of a particular event. No need to turn on one lamp, turn on one of two or three. In such a situation, the brain needs to evaluate the situation and discard excess stimuli. Here are a few helpful exercises to increase your vision response:
a ruler is pressed against the wall. The participant needs to put his thumb 1 cm from the ruler at around 10-15 cm from its edge. At the time of lowering the ruler, it falls. The goal is to catch it with your finger and push it against the wall. The shorter the time the line flies, the higher the reaction,
the trainer turns on one of the 2 lamps in random order (the switch is not visible to the participant). When you turn on a specific lamp, you need to move the item or perform the specified action,
because of the screen, things are demonstrated. It is required to respond to a specific subject.
Effective training are games on the fingers: rock-paper-scissors and even-odd:
in the even-odd fun, the number 1-5 is shown on the fingers as the lead. The second participant is required to show an eigenvalue, but with a different value. If the first participant shows an odd number, then the second is important to show an even,
Many children's games develop a visual reaction. It is enough to recall your favorite childhood fun and start training.
game rock-paper-scissors is familiar to us since childhood. The stone is a fist that breaks the scissors (two fingers). The latter defeat paper (palm), and it is able to cover the stone. In a simple type of game, participants “create” an item in one moment. In this situation, the trainer gives time to the trainee, so that he has time to understand and choose the item that wins,
goodies. In this game, participants are sitting at the table one against the other. Hands are also on the table. One palm is trying to cover the palm of the other, and it is important for him to remove it before that.
There are other workouts for developing a reaction to visible stimuli:
a game for children in which people stand in a circle. They jump clockwise, trying to jump a neighbor's foot. The latter moves his leg in a jump. If a participant jumped while attacking, then it is important for him to stand still. If the participant jumps, jumping, he must step on the foot of his neighbor. The one to whom they stepped leaves the circle,
Easy fun called a piece of paper. One participant holds a paper in his hands, and the second puts a palm on his brush holding this paper. The first throws, and the second must catch the paper with his hand that was on the brush of the first. If the game is money (I caught a piece of paper - I got it), then the reaction development process is as fast as possible,
juggling. Start learning to juggle. In this situation, the goal is not only to develop a reaction, but not without it.
To develop the reaction rate of the body, a game is used where you need to catch a tennis ball with your hand. Everyone saw the training of tennis players. They stand in front of the wall and work out blows. The ball jumps off the wall and returns again.
Take the tennis ball too, stand in front of the wall and start throwing it with an effort. Actions similar to the training of tennis players: hand-ground-wall-hand. First, one hand is training, then the other, then all at once. Alternatively, you can throw with your left hand, and catch only with your right. This will complicate the task. It is even better to do an exercise with a partner, so you will catch the ball in order.SharePinTweetSendSendSend