Useful Tips

How to care for your skin?


Face and body skin care is necessary, regardless of age. Not only skin problems and wrinkles should be a reason for care.

In order for the skin to always look healthy and well-groomed, you need to know some secrets. To restore and rejuvenate the skin, it is not necessary to use a lot of caring cosmetics.

General care recommendations

Proper skin care is a set of actions aimed at improving the condition of the skin. It consists not only in the use of lotions, tonics and other means, but also in compliance with a number of rules, namely:

  • Use cosmetics to protect from sun, wind and frost.
  • Wash your face with warm water in the morning and evening. For washing, choose a cream soap or soap enriched with lipids, it does not dry the skin. Gentle cleansing is especially needed for sensitive skin.
  • Prefer a warm shower rather than a hot bath. After bathing, do not wipe, but pat your body with a towel.
  • Moisturize your skin daily, regardless of skin type.

To make the skin look healthy, you need to drink plenty of fluids, consume vitamins and eat right.

The condition of the skin is strongly affected by smoking, alcohol abuse and lack of sleep.

There are many tonic, nourishing, cleansing and moisturizing skin care products. Be sure to pay attention to their composition. Makeup must be natural, colorants and flavors can lead to an allergic reaction or addiction.

The product should be suitable for the type of skin, as well as solve skin problems that have arisen. There are such types of skin:

  • dry skin - a feeling of tightness is felt, peeling appears,
  • oily - pores are enlarged, there is a greasy shine on the face,
  • normal.

There are also such subtypes:

  • sensitive - often irritated, there is redness,
  • fading - there are wrinkles, the skin is lethargic and flabby,
  • problematic - there are acne, acne, acne,
  • rosacea - a capillary network is visible.

For dry skin, you need to choose a moisturizer, for aging skin - nourishing, for problematic oily - cleansing, etc.

Face care

The skin on the face ages faster, as it is exposed to adverse environmental factors. So that she does not give out the true age of the woman, you need to know how to care for the skin.

There are 4 main steps:

  1. Cleansing. This is one of the most important stages. You need to clean the skin daily from dirt, dust and makeup. For evening washing, you can use soap or a cleansing cream. There are combined means with which you can remove makeup and cleanse pores. In the morning, just wash with warm water.
  2. Exfoliation. With the help of scrubs and peeling products, dead cells are removed. The skin becomes younger, it becomes softer, the pores are cleansed, the likelihood of acne and acne is reduced.
  3. Toning. The use of toners and lotions is especially important after cleansing and exfoliating procedures, after which the skin can become dry. These products moisturize, normalize pH and give freshness. Apply tonics in the morning and evening immediately after the caring procedures.
  4. Moisturizing. Moisturizers are important for dry and aging skin. This type is most prone to wrinkles.

It is important to apply creams correctly. Distribute with a thin layer from the center of the face to the sides, after 30 minutes. remove the remnants of the product with a napkin.

Only regular daily care will produce results.

Day cream must be applied no later than 1 hour before going outside, night cream - 1-2 hours before bedtime. Girls under 25 do not need to use night cream. Care products should be used exclusively by age group. If 35+ is indicated on the cream, then for a younger age it can not be used.

Hand care

Hands are constantly exposed to the sun, frost, aggressive detergents. The skin needs to be moisturized and nourished. With the appearance of age-related age spots, it is necessary to use bleaching agents.

How to care for your skin? Care is as follows:

  • After water procedures, you need to use a moisturizer.
  • In the morning and evening, lubricate the skin with a nourishing agent.
  • Lemon juice or cream will help with age spots, glycerin will have a softening effect, and chamomile cream will heal microcracks.
  • Once a week, it is useful to make baths with sea salt.

When doing homework that is related to water, you must use rubber gloves.

You need to properly care for the skin

Otherwise, she will look lethargic and sick, even if you lead a healthy lifestyle and are not prone to bad habits.

Probably should not be reminded that the skin should always be clean. No one calls dirty skin healthy and beautiful. Dead scales, sebum and dust are the main skin contaminants that can lead to diseases.

We live in a world that is not static, changing weather, seasons - all this affects the condition of the skin.

When the climatic indicators are normal, the skin also has a good appearance, but the high temperature and dry air, the baking sun are harmful to the skin.

These factors cause early wrinkles. Frost, cold, scorching wind - because of them, the skin becomes rough, turns red, which also brings its old age at a fast pace.

If under such factors it is improper to care for the skin and react violently to stresses, then even the most healthy skin will not be able to endure such negative effects.

Naturally, it is easier to prevent poor condition and skin diseases than to deal with them later.

First of all, skin care depends on such components as the type of skin and its condition: dry, normal, combination, oily or aging, sagging.

Of course, those who have normal skin have less problems - matte color, elastic, elastic. In appearance, such skin is smooth and pink, the pores on it are not so brightly highlighted, it is beautiful, full of health. Nevertheless, any skin requires care.

Skin Care: Wash Your Face Properly

No matter how trite it may sound, but the best skin care product is ordinary water. It is she who preserves the beauty and health of the skin, but if all the requirements of the correct water are met.

During washing, we remove dirt, fats, secretions, germs and bacteria that could get into our streets from our skin.

If you wash yourself with warm or cool water, the skin begins to breathe and better perceive nutrients, as blood circulation improves.

For washing, clean, soft water is suitable, without any impurities, harmful salts. You can opt for distilled water or natural mineral.

You can use river water, boiling it before washing.

Hard water makes the skin dry and irritated. Hard water, due to the fact that calcium and magnesium salts become insoluble when exposed to washing cosmetics, promotes the formation of white plaque and peeling of the skin.

Before washing, such water will need to be boiled for about an hour, then defended so that the salts settle. To give softness to water, you can add a teaspoon of soda to it.

Do not wash yourself with too hot or, conversely, too cold water.

After washing with hot water for a long time, the skin can become flabby and sensitive to cold, as the blood vessels expand due to high temperature.

From cold water, the skin loses its healthy appearance, the necessary fats, dries, peels. The best option is room temperature water.

All this applies to the skin around the eyes. If you decide to do rejuvenation of the skin around the eyes, then you should start with water quality.

Means for washing the skin

What is the best way to use when washing: soap or gel? Specialists in the field of cosmetology believe that it is better to wash with soap once a day, and then in the evening, and only to owners of oily skin, in order to thoroughly clean it.

Other skin types from frequent use of soap, even gentle cosmetic, can become inflamed and dry. In such cases, it is better to use mild emulsions and cleansing lotions in the morning and evening.

For facial skin care, you can resort to special cleansing creams, they do not penetrate the pores due to their liquid consistency. Another sure remedy is cleansing herbal decoctions and infusions, or any unrefined vegetable oil.

Do not rub your face too intensely with a towel, this can cause an early appearance of wrinkles, as the upper subcutaneous layer is easily stretched. Before going out, do not forget to use a protective cream for facial skin care. In adverse weather, a more oily consistency cream is best.

Nutrition and massage for the skin: skin care at home

Astringents are suitable for sagging skin, which will tone it. For a good condition of subcutaneous fat, you need to eat properly and fully. Your diet should have fruits, vegetables, eggs, fish, meat and dairy products. This kit improves blood circulation, which improves skin nutrition.

For sagging skin, you need to add yeast, juices, fruit pulp, egg yolks to homemade masks.

It has a positive effect on the nutrition of skin massage. It helps the work of muscles, blood vessels and glands. The skin improves metabolism, normalizes the state of the subcutaneous fat layer, the skin acquires smoothness, becomes less flabby. For a massage it is better to go to professionals in beauty salons and cabinets.

Skin Care Cosmetics

The cosmetics market is literally crowded with body skin care products, both at home and in salon conditions. Various gels, milk, lotions, creams and scrubs.

Experts recommend starting body skin care with morning exercises, it will improve its blood supply and nutrition. Gymnastics should be finished with a shower with a gel or scrub so that the skin is cleansed not only of impurities, but also of dead cells.

If you chose a scrub, then it must be applied to wet skin, gently rub in a circular motion in the direction from bottom to top. From such procedures, the skin will be lighter, its cells will be rejuvenated. But there is no need to abuse scrubs.

For dry skin, the maximum number of procedures is one per week, for oily skin - two.

The gel not only cleanses the skin of the body, but also cares for it and moisturizes it. Basically, they contain various substances with the effect of aromatherapy, which relaxes, tones, soothes and improves mood. The aroma of the gel can be maintained throughout the day, maintaining a sense of freshness and comfort.

After cleansing, you need to soak the skin. For this, cream or body milk is suitable. They are gently and gently rubbed into the skin, gently massaging until completely absorbed. Properly selected product will make the skin soft, smooth and silky.

Many products contain natural ingredients that can prevent aging, age spots, cellulite and other age-related “joys”. Using these products will return your skin youth and radiance, a healthy and well-groomed appearance.

Home Skin Care: Peels and Baths

Baths and peels are perfect for skin care at home. Baths are good to take with starch, bran, chocolate, various herbs and oils, juices, green tea and other various additives.

To make homemade scrub, you can use the most common ingredients, ranging from sugar and honey to sea salt, plant seeds and oatmeal.

Any woman, having experimented a little and choosing the right skin care products for herself, will make her look fresh and beautiful, return energy to the body, relieve accumulated fatigue and tension, and recharge with a fragrant aroma for the whole day.

Determine the type of skin

For the right selection of care and cosmetics, you need to know the type of skin in order to direct care in the right direction, solving a specific problem. It will not hurt the consultation of a cosmetologist who will not only determine, but also tell you how to properly care for a certain type of facial skin. However, it is possible to implement this independently, knowing some features:

  1. Narrowed pores and tightness give out dry skin, it is prone to premature aging, the appearance of wrinkles, and therefore needs intensive hydration.
  2. Expanded pores and oily sheen accompany oily skin prone to inflammation, the formation of blackheads and comedones. Proper cleansing will help to avoid many problems of such a skin.
  3. Normal skin is distinguished by the absence of the listed disadvantages, however, it also needs daily care. Improper selection of cosmetics can provoke various skin diseases.
  4. Sensitive skin responds to any external or internal exposure by redness and peeling. Special products for sensitive skin do not contain aggressive substances, fragrances and other components that can lead to such manifestations.
  5. Combined skin type is considered the most difficult in terms of the selection of care products. It is important to correctly distinguish between problem areas and choose cosmetics in accordance with the identified problems. It should be remembered that funds labeled “for combination skin” are just a marketing ploy.

In addition to the above, it is possible to highlight such a problem as the manifestation of a capillary network, issuing weak vessels. Cuperosis is not just a cosmetic flaw, but a serious disease, having discovered it, it is worthwhile to see a doctor. Flabby or aging skin is not only an age-related problem, it is quite common in women after 30 years with improper or irregular care. Timely measures taken will restore skin elasticity.

Principles of Proper Care

The rules of daily home care are based on cleansing, moisturizing, toning and nourishing the skin of the face. Only such an integrated approach will achieve the desired effect and prolong the youthfulness of the skin, preserving it and protecting it from negative influences - both external and internal.

The first and, perhaps, the main stage in facial skin care is daily cleansing. During the day, dust settles on the skin, harmful substances from the environment, sebum accumulate. We also add foundation, powder, and other decorative products. This cocktail not only clogs the pores, leading to inflammation, the formation of black spots, comedones, blackheads and other troubles, but also is perfectly absorbed by the skin, causing its intoxication. That is why facial cleansing should be correct and regular.

Before washing, makeup and dirt accumulated during the day are removed with special cleansing agents. It can be lotion, milk or micellar water. For lovers of natural home remedies, a recipe that many actors use when removing makeup is suitable. Heat any vegetable oil slightly, apply a thin layer, remove it from the face in a minute. Oil will not only cleanse the skin, but also moisturize it.

For direct washing, it is better to use purified water, since the skin has the ability to absorb the substances contained in the liquid. It is ideal to use rain or melt water, but filtered tap water is also suitable. At the same time, cosmetologists advise giving up soap, since the alkali contained in it has a detrimental effect on the water balance of the skin. It is better to give preference to gel, milk or foam for washing.

Once or twice a week, peeling is carried out with a specially selected scrub. This procedure is designed to exfoliate dead cells, smooth the relief, deeply cleanse the pores. Scrubs are applied to wet skin and rubbed with light movements, without much pressure. It is worth remembering, however, that with severe rosacea, severe inflammation or skin irritation, the peeling procedure is contraindicated.

Simply make homemade facial scrubs. To do this, use fine sea salt, sugar or ground coffee, mixed with heavy cream or sour cream in equal proportions.

Honey also has a cleansing effect. To do this, it is applied to the face with light massage movements, after thickening is removed with a damp cloth or cotton pad soaked in a warm decoction of herbs. A similar procedure removes dead cells and softens the skin. In addition, such peeling is indicated for inflammation, in contrast to store scrubs, because honey is a natural antiseptic.

Cleansing masks.

Facial cleansing masks are required in home care, which must also be done once or twice a week. Before applying the mask, experts advise making a steam bath using essential oils or a decoction of herbs. This procedure will open the pores and remove toxins. However, some skin problems, among which rosacea takes the first place, are a contraindication to such a procedure.

The most effective in cleansing is a mask of cosmetic clay. When choosing clay, skin type is taken into account. So, owners of mixed skin type choose white clay, blue and green - oily, and red clay is ideal for dry skin.

After applying a cleansing mask, the skin is soothing with a tonic. It will remove the remnants of the product, close the pores, give the face an even color and a fresh look.


После очищения кожа нуждается в увлажнении, добиться которого можно специальными кремами, подобранными в соответствии с типом кожи и возрастом. Для молодой кожи предпочтительнее легкий гель с увлажняющим эффектом. For more mature skin, it is better to choose not just hydration, but comprehensive care, where nutrition and elasticity will play an important role. Moisturizer is usually applied in the morning.

Moisturizing masks are much more effective. Use them 1-2 times a week. It should be borne in mind that store masks, in addition to useful components, contain such undesirable substances as preservatives, fragrances, dyes, which are also absorbed by the skin. You can avoid their adverse effects using homemade masks for skin care.

Throughout the day, tonics or a recent development, thermal water, are used to additionally moisturize very dry skin.

However, it should be remembered that hydration is not only in the use of moisturizers, but also in the use of a sufficient amount of liquid. You may notice that dehydrated skin becomes thinner and wrinkled and begins to peel off. In this case, the establishment of a drinking regimen will help.


Tonics and lotions help take care of your skin. How to properly use these tools can be found in the instructions on the packaging of each of them. It is better to choose such products on a full-scale basis, without alcohol content. Some women prefer the means of the children's series. There are advantages to this: baby care products contain only natural ingredients, they are hypoallergenic and not addictive. You can prepare the lotion yourself from a decoction of herbs. Such a product is stored in the refrigerator and slightly warmed up before use.

The procedure for skin toning can also include home cryotherapy, which helps restore freshness and elasticity. To do this, just wipe your face in the morning with an ice cube made from a decoction of herbs: chamomile, nettle, sage, thyme and others. This procedure perfectly tones the skin, eliminates swelling and traces of fatigue, tightens pores. Sudden cooling helps to establish microcirculation, strengthens blood vessels, which is an excellent prevention of the appearance of capillary mesh. The skin becomes more elastic, and small wrinkles are smoothed out quickly enough.

Any skin, especially mature skin, needs nutrition, which it receives, as a rule, from creams and nourishing masks. The nourishing cream is applied at night, before use it is advisable to slightly warm it in your hands. After 10-15 minutes, excess cream is removed with a napkin, otherwise clogging of the pores may occur, leading to the formation of comedones.

As in other cases, nourishing masks are available at the store. However, most women prefer self-made masks. So, excellent nutritional properties are possessed by such products as egg yolk, honey, sour cream or cream, potatoes, cucumber, aloe pulp and others. The composition is selected depending on the type of skin and the desired effect. The mask is applied for 10-15 minutes, washed off with running water or a decoction of herbs. After the mask, you can wipe your face with an ice cube.

Video: Proper protection of facial skin in winter in E. Malysheva's program “Live healthy!”

Any cream is applied along the massage lines with light tapping movements, avoiding strong pressure, which leads to stretching of the skin and the appearance of premature wrinkles. After a while, if the cream has not been absorbed, its excess is removed with a napkin, simply by wetting the face.

Vitamins play a great role in the nutrition of the skin, improving its appearance and general condition. Vitamin complexes taken orally, food enriched with minerals will help restore its health and beauty. In addition, you can enrich any cosmetics with “vitamins of beauty and youth” - A and E, adding a drop to a cream or mask before applying to the face. Also important are B vitamins and a powerful antioxidant, vitamin C.

As you can see, maintaining the beauty and health of the skin of the face requires enough effort and time, however, the result will not be long in coming. Shining appearance and enthusiastic looks will be a worthy reward.