Hello! Do you want your child to start playing chess ?! It is possible that you have already attended several classes at school, but maybe you did not succeed. Therefore, we undertake to help you learn chess online. On our website of the Children and Youth Commission of the St. Petersburg Chess Federation you will find a series of chess lessons for beginners, for children and their parents.
A lot of chess trainers all over Russia conduct their classes precisely in these lessons. The book of Kostrov Vsevolod and Davletov Jalil "Chess for children, parents and teachers" for the whole 25 years. It's time to put it on the Internet, so that everyone can get the opportunity to learn how to play chess, or repeat the material at home, even without a textbook.
If you have any question related to chess lessons, but unfortunately you could not find the answer on the site, then just write to us. Or ask a question in a special comment form. And in the very near future after your appeal we will publish a detailed explanation.
Table of contents
All the rules in 5 minutes - video
Many of our readers ask how to learn how to play chess in a short time. The answer is obvious. The main thing is to understand the essence and main goal - to checkmate the opponent’s king. This situation means that the king has nowhere to retreat on the board - there are neither free cells in the zone of his movement, nor other shelters. Matting means capturing an enemy army and, accordingly, defeating an opponent who ends the game with his defeat.
In addition, novice chess players will learn:
- How to arrange
- What position does the king take on the board and how to defend it correctly,
- Good chess move,
- The role of a pawn in chess.
The international organization FIDE is engaged in the popularization of these table battles in our country and around the world. She holds amateur competitions, including for beginners, allowing to get not only a small monetary gain, but also invaluable experience in this intellectual battle with a real opponent. Regular practice will allow you to find the right way out even from situations that are hopeless at first glance, learn to masterly put a checkmate, win and lose with dignity
How to set up a board and arrange units?
All actions take place on a blackboard consisting of 64 black and white squares. Two armies will stand on it, carefully thought-out moves will be made in order to checkmate the enemy. The first thing that beginners need to know is how to arrange everything correctly. Any tutorial will tell you about this.
The arrangement begins with the correct installation of the board - you need to make sure that White has a white square in the lower right corner.
Each player has to place his army, which consists of:
- 2 rooks
- 2 elephants
- 2 horses
- His Majesty with the Queen (Queen),
- 8 pawns.
The placement rules are pretty simple. On the extreme cells in the front row there are rooks, horses and elephants are placed behind them. The central cells of the first row are for the main figures. A queen of the same color is provided for the queen; he loves his color! Where the king stands is next to the queen. In the second row of the board, pawns are placed in front of them, playing the role of the rank and file of your table army. It is they who have to make the first move, substitute themselves under attack, protecting the king. This arrangement of figures is considered classic.
The use of chess for children
The whole list of qualities, the development of which is facilitated by the ancient game, is difficult to convey. Here are a few key benefits:
- Ability development reason and think logically. The game requires consideration of each step, the ability to anticipate the possible reaction of the partner, the ability to solve multi-task problems.
- A game of chess can influence growth of creativity and imagination. During the game, both hemispheres of the brain work, which increases the ability to think outside the box.
- Strengthening sports skills: A long stay in a static position forms perseverance, endurance, attentiveness, the ability to play correctly and the desire to win. The game requires composure and restraint.
Chess classes improve memory, teach responsibility and independence. Not for nothing that many kindergartens introduce additional classes in this sport as a preparation for school.
How do chess pieces go?
Once you learn how to correctly arrange the pieces on a chessboard, you can proceed to study the rules of their movement. So:
King moves one cell, but in any direction. This is necessary in order to prevent the mat after receiving the check from the opponent.
Queen moves in any direction to the desired number of cells. He is considered the most valuable piece on the board.
Elephant moves diagonally on any number of cells. The black elephant moves along the black cells, and the white elephant, respectively - along the white.
Horse goes by the letter "G" for 3 cells. Its main feature is that it can jump over any obstacles, which is not permissible even for a queen. Such a horse's ability is very valuable.
Rook can move in a straight line, vertically or horizontally - that is, either forward or backward, but on any number of cells.
How to walk pawn even novice players in the chess army know - for one, maximum - for 2 cells and only forward. They attack the representatives of the enemy army exclusively on the diagonal. If a pawn reaches the opposite edge of the board, it gains the right to transform - become a knight, bishop, rook or queen, and get more opportunities for movement. Compliance with all of the above movements requires chess ruleswhich clearly spells out how chess pieces go in all kinds of matches, from classic to bullet.
It’s easiest to learn how chess pieces move in pictures. These are the basics of chess literacy, which is taught to children. Remembering how white and black should stand and move around the board, you can go on to study special opportunities, there are only two of them - taking in the aisle and castling.
When to start training
Disputes, how many years to teach the game, do not give a definite answer.
- They introduce the rules of the game, starting from 3 yearswhen children are keenly interested in everything around.
- AT 4 years the child has better communication skills.
- AT 5 years a trained child will already be able to anticipate the opponent’s move.
- Many of the grandmasters mastered the basics of the game, having first taken up chess at this age, and 6-7-year-olds were already worthy opponents to adult players.
There is a photo of the future grandmaster Jose Raul Capablanca, where he plays with his father for four years.
But the goal of raising a new champion is not worth setting. It is better to introduce a game form of training.
The main thing is to interest the baby at any stage. If possible, it is better to start teaching children chess at home. Firstly, parents know better how to entice a child, secondly, there is no attachment to the regime, and thirdly, family ties are strengthened and the budget is saved.
How to interest a kid with a game
As you know, the forbidden fruit is sweet. Use this principle as follows. Before acquainting a child with chess, periodically get the game, arrange the figures, you can even play several games with a family member or friends in front of the kid.
To his questions and requests to play, answer that this is for older children and that he will be able to play it, but later, when he grows up. After that, remove the game away so that the child could not get it himself.
Important! Be adamant and don’t go to meet the child’s requests to give him a game. Remember that at these moments his desire will grow and your child will soon begin to dream of getting to know chess better.
After some time (from 2 weeks to two months), solemnly inform the child that he has already grown up and is ready to join this great game. But the first acquaintance should be short-lived (no more than 10 minutes) Give your child the opportunity to touch the pieces, board, ask questions, but you need to start learning the rules of the game in the next lesson, which should also be short-lived (no more than 10-15 minutes).
Thus, your child will look forward to the first acquaintance with chess and each subsequent lesson. Remember that all people and especially children value what is in short supply.
You can also interest a child by letting him see a cartoon about chess, such as Fixies.
Rules of the game
The first lesson in many respects depends on whether the baby will be interested in the game. It is good at first for children to simply watch the competition between parents or loved ones, this is a kind of preparatory period.
If you are interested, you can come up with a fairy tale about a chess country in which battles are fought. The goal of the game is to deprive the enemy king of the ability to move.
The fight is conducted according to special rules, and each piece has a position on the board and advantageous opportunities:
- Pawn takes only one step on the plane of the board forward (the first time maybe two), and eats the opponent’s figure diagonally. It turns into any shape if it manages to reach the opposite edge of the board.
- One step can go and kingTrue, in any direction.
- Queen (Queen) - the most powerful in the whole game. It moves directly and sideways, and diagonally.
- The horse the move is unusual: it bounces through the remaining figures into two cells and one sideways, with the sort of letter “G”.
- Officer (elephant) moves diagonally to the desired number of cells.
- BUT round (rook) forward or laterally.
- All the pieces are removed from the board, you cannot eat a king, you can only declare a mat.
It is interesting! In the Middle Ages, the queen was one of the weakest figures. The Queen of Spain, Isabella, granted him special powers, inventing new rules.
It’s better to prepare the kid in advance for training, to give a cartoon about chess, to tell their story. In the first lessons, give a description of the current figures, introduce them to their capabilities and differences from others. Each is better to devote a separate lesson.
Then show how they work in conjunction with each other. Since it is undesirable for classes to last more than twenty minutes, this can take a whole year.
At this stage, it is important to often play with the child, for example inGuess the action figure": The blindfolded child is given an object, and he must guess the names of the figures. Or ask to list all the differences between one character of the game from another.
You need to teach your baby to arrange all the objects on the board correctly. Once he remembers how the main "heroes" act, where their place is on the board, you can step by step teach the rules of the game. At first, it is recommended to arrange scenes with a small number of figures.
A little chess player who has mastered the basics must understand the basic principles:
- Always provide cover for his king.
- You can only give characters to the game if they donate in favor of a coup.
- The weaker the figure, the closer to the center she must stand.
- It is advisable to play the whole chess army. The toy army is strong in its entirety, in addition, each figure has its own role, the kid must understand this.
- The value of the figures is different.A rook is more expensive than a pawn, and the king, although influential, is helpless. It is advisable to first neutralize the opponent’s chess queen.
Many kids do not like the black color of the figures. It must be explained that white has only one advantage: it gives the right of the first move.
On a note! At first you can play only with pawns, then offer to play simple sketches with the participation of other figures.
When the student has mastered all the rules, introduce him to the basic chess concepts: what is castling, gambit and how to play etudes.
In the video below, an experienced children's chess trainer tells where to start and what to focus the child on when learning to play the game at first.
If the child does not want to play, do not insist. It is better to maintain interest in the process than to get quick results. Learning under pressure will do harm rather than benefit and enjoy.
In order to maintain interest in the game and increase the skill of the baby, there are several recommendations from teachers of chess schools:
- Winning the game will be an incentive, but often don't give in to crumbsotherwise, he will decide that further training is not necessary. But if he loses all the time, he will quickly lose interest in chess.
- Better play at regular intervals and duration of classes. At first, they should be brief.
- Interested in more: draw and sculpt figures, watch cartoons about chess. A preparatory stage for a game of chess may be playing drafts.
- Useful after the game to discuss its progresswhat mistakes were made and what actions were successful. A timely hint will be useful.
- Need to celebrate a child’s successpraise for non-trivial solutions.
- Preschoolers should not participate in tournaments: losing can hurt the psyche of children.
- Useful to tell tales of chess pieces. You can take the crumbs to classes in a circle or use computer programs, but it is better if he will be trained with loved ones. The pre-school lifestyle is most affected by the parental behavior model.
On a note! Many teachers advise you to purchase a set with large wooden figures coated with shiny varnish: the kids are delighted with them.
See how an experienced trainer conducts his training and what he focuses on the student.
People teaching a child should also develop their skills and experience, firstly, he will begin to ask questions, and secondly, soon a former beginner can outgrow a teacher.
Which textbook to choose
Are there many tutorials available now? as well as online books on the game of chess for children. Teaching them helps to achieve the desired effect. Choose a technique from the following:
- The book "Chess for children "written by Igor Sukhin, a researcher at the Institute for Educational Theory, is one of the most effective. He is known as the author of a textbook for babies from two years old. It has simple tasks that allow young chess players to gradually get to know the game from scratch.
- Grandmaster Anatoly Karpov's book for children - a textbook written in a playful manner. Each picture in it is an illustration with Disney characters, its material will certainly interest the reader.
- The book of Vladimir Grishin is called "Chess alphabet". Written back in the Soviet period, it still does not lose popularity. It will be useful for parents to familiarize themselves: they will find many new things for themselves.
- A child who knows how to read well can be offered a book by Maria Fominykh, a self-instruction book. The author is a grandmaster, champion and organizer of chess tournaments.
Important! No best book or instruction will have an effect if teaching children chess is not systematic. Than to sort out the techniques, it is better to carefully study one of them.
If there is a circle in the kindergarten, write the son or daughter in it. Video lessons and workshops from the Internet can also be useful. The main thing is that the time spent by the preschooler at the computer does not exceed the recommended. Didactic materials, books - all this will work if the parents sincerely support the child’s desire to learn chess wisdom.
The young chess player, playing even occasionally, will later master mathematics and other exact sciences more easily. The impact of the game on personality formation is difficult to overestimate. It will not be possible to guess whether the baby will become a grandmaster or not, but that he will grow up independent, will learn to win and lose, analyze and make a decision - definitely.
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Take on the aisle
The capture on the aisle concerns the special move of the pawn. If an opponent moves a pawn two squares, thereby aligning it with yours, which has the opposite color, then you have every right to remove it from the board. Your pawn will take its place. The only caveat is that you need to do this right away.
The king and the rook take part in the castling, but provided that they have not yet moved along the board, and at the moment there are no other participants in the battle between them. The essence of this is that they change places with each other - the king takes 2 steps towards her, and the rook jumps over it. An important rule of all castling - none of the cells participating in them should be under attack from the enemy.
A draw is called stalemate. Its essence is that one of the participants no longer has moves, but the checkmate is not set. In this case, the party ends.
In addition, the game ends in a draw, if the positions of the pieces in the battle are repeated three times or if the players have very little material left on the board that is not enough to declare a mat to the opponent.
End of the game, check and checkmate
We have already figured out where to start, now it's time to find out how to finish it right. Victory is considered a mate to the opponent. Attempts to drive him into a "trap" - this is the essence of the chess game. If the king comes under attack, a check is declared to him, meaning that he has the right to make a move saving him or close himself from the check.
Mat - this is the surrender of the entire chess army, which could not protect its commander in chief, and he fell into the networks set up by the enemy. The faster it is delivered, the higher is the qualification of the participant. The victory in the tournaments is confirmed by the referees who closely monitor the progress of the battle and do not allow a single impossible move.
Despite the fact that chess is a serious tactical game in its essence, it should be presented as an entertainment option, because motivation and attitude will play an important role in the learning process. In order to interest your child, you can use the following techniques:
- a personal example, since the desire to imitate and copy is a natural way of developing children,
- a story about the history of chess and famous grandmasters in an accessible form,
- Passion for the game through a family tournament or an invitation for this kid’s friends who are already familiar with it,
- visiting a chess club, where there are children of different ages, and there is an atmosphere of joy and interest in learning, a spirit of competition.
How to learn how to play chess, we figured out, now we move on to different options for these intelligent gaming battles.
The classic game has certain time limits. The batch duration is at least an hour. That is how much time is allotted to players to think about moving and win the opponent. Most often, control is set for an hour and a half, during which players need to make 40 moves. Further options are possible:
- 30 minutes to the end of the tabletop battle,
- Plus 20 minutes for every coup made, etc.
If the checkmate is not delivered before the end of the maximum batch time, a draw is declared.
In this version, all the rules of the classic apply, but the time control is significantly tightened. Each player is given 10 to 60 seconds to think. For each completed move, the party participants are added not minutes, but seconds.
Blitz chess also has a time limit. Players are given no more than 5 minutes to think about each move. This is the most popular chess game in sports competitions. It passes quite quickly, requiring players to be alert and focused on the playing field.
Chess - 960 (Fisher)
The rules for this are standard options. They differ from the classics mainly by their initial position on the extreme horizontals. The layout is performed randomly, selected from 960 possible. All other rules will be similar to the classic version. It concerns:
- Taking on the aisle
- Confessions of a draw
- Shah and Mata.
The main difference is the variety of options for starting the party. Next, the party goes according to standard rules with a time limit.
Value of figures
Chess rules must be strictly observed. It is recommended to play without fanaticism, that is, without risking figures in vain. Every pawn is important on the game board. After all, if there are no fighters left in your army, then with whom will you go on the attack in order to checkmate. However, errors in the game can not be avoided, and sometimes you have to sacrifice representatives of the gaming army. Which of them to give is up to you, we will give a table below with their value:
- Queen - 9 points,
- Rook - 5 points,
- Elephant and Horse - 3 points each
- Pawn - 1 point.
Points do not affect the result. They only make it clear to the player what he loses, giving the material to the opponent, and what he gains when he takes it. Description of all participants in table battles were given above.
Notation - Record Chess Game
Notation is a diagram of conventional symbols designed to record a chess game, which even novice players should know. This is necessary in order to learn:
- Record game parts yourself
- Read and understand specialized literature,
- Play blind
- Sort already played games with the aim of analyzing and working on the bugs.
A detailed description of each game on a piece of paper will allow you to analyze your wins and losses. There are several types of chess notations. Most often used algebraic. Disassembled photos will help with it. On them you can see that the board consists of 64 cells, each of which has its own symbol.
Each character has its own designation:
- Kr (K) is the king
- F (Q) is the queen,
- L (R) - boat
- K (N) - a horse,
- C (C) is an elephant,
- P (p) is a pawn.
Next, you should get acquainted with the system of signs, including those meaning the results of the game. Here are the main ones:
- + - check,
- ++ - double check,
- # - mat
- X - taking a piece,
- 0-0 - castling,
- !! - a great move,
- ?? - gross error, etc.
Even beginner chess players should know the basic terms for recording a game. They will allow you to independently develop successful strategies that guarantee victory in the game.
Clock and Timers
Almost all options for battles involve fixing time for players to think about character movements. For this, mechanical watches and electronic rules are used. The general rules for their use are as follows:
- Click on the clock after completing each move with the hand with which it was made,
- Keep track of the opponent’s time, avoiding his delay, which actually means his loss,
- Check the time limit before the start of the batch.
These are the basic rules of how to play with time control.
The chess section for adults and children gives some advice to beginner grandmasters. Following them will provide you with a successful game and allow you to become a real ace in this sport. Below we give the main ones:
- Think over every move of the opponent
- Develop your own plan on how to checkmate your opponent,
- Know the value of your figures.
Some points should be paid special attention. Here they are:
Protect your king
Even if placed correctly on the board, the king’s safety may be in jeopardy. Therefore, always carefully consider his defense, not allowing the opponent to check and checkmate. But at the same time, do not allow yourself to calmly watch how your figures eat.
A competent grandmaster not only keeps his commander in chief under protection, but also develops a strike against the enemy.
Control the center of the checkerboard
At least 4 central cells should be kept under control. It is here that the main gaming positions are located. The figures on the edges of the playing field are less involved in the game battle and therefore they are less agile. The game cannot be pulled out by pawns alone. Therefore, it is necessary, without delay, to consistently introduce the main forces into the necessary zones with which you will check and checkmate your partner.
The history of chess when they were invented
If you seriously decide to get involved in chess, you need to know the history of this ancient game, which became an Olympic sport. It appeared more than 2 thousand years ago, presumably in India. The ancestor of modern gaming battles was the ancient military chaturanga. From India at the beginning of the first centuries A.D. it began to spread around the world, first finding itself in Central Asia and soon gaining popularity in the Far and Middle East. At the beginning of the Middle Ages, the chaturanga, which came to be called the shatrange, turned out to be in Moorish Asia, and in the mid-15th century it became popular in Europe. It was then that the first instruction for conducting table battles and the requirements for its observance appeared.
The first tournament was held in 1575. It happened at the court of the Spanish king. His subjects against the guests from Italy participated in the battle. After that, international tournaments for this board game began to be held everywhere. In 1836, the first magazine was published. In all countries of Europe, including the Russian Empire, amateur chess circles began to form. In the 19th century, chess clocks appeared and table battles received a time limit. From this moment to the present day it has reached almost unchanged. Both adults and children began to get involved in it. Amateur and professional tournaments began to be held everywhere. A huge number of people began to monitor table battles. Soon professional grandmasters appeared and games were included in the Olympic program. They began to call them a passive sport.
How to explain what a chessboard is and rules of the game
The best thing for this purpose is a fascinating story that can be found on the Internet or come up with yourself. For example, you can tell that the board is the battlefield of two kings who cannot get along in any way (it is advisable to think up the reason for the quarrel yourself). To focus on the two colors of the cells and their affiliation with each of the rivals, as well as to voice the main goal - to protect the king, to destroy all rivals.
At this stage, the main thing is to convey that the game is between two rivals and each has equal conditions, not to get involved in details that overload perception and distract.
Shapes and their functions
Next, you should teach children the figures and the specifics of their use. It is advisable to first learn the names of the figures so that the child can confidently distinguish them from each other and not confuse. Simple games like “Find a figure ...”, “Choose ... from 3-4 figures”, etc. will come to the rescue.
It is best to study 1 chess piece per day and assign each of them an associative label that will help in the future to remember and reproduce the role of the piece on the board. The specifics of the moves should also be explained one at a time and demonstrated immediately, repeated and played without breaking the sequence of moves and adding new pieces each time.
Unusual moves and stimulation of interest
It is good to use non-standard moves and their combinations in the learning process to show the kid how different and interesting chess can be if you approach them thoughtfully. Popular options for moves available for children are:
- queen mat
- mat in three moves,
- Sicilian defense.
How to teach chess in a game form
The earlier the process of acquaintance with chess begins, the more appropriate it will be to use teaching methods in a playful way. It is important to understand that classes should not be tiring and lengthy, but rather dynamic and special, awakening the desire to find out what will happen next.
It is necessary to divide the training into several stages, so that each of them is short, informative and non-standard. You can apply different activities:
- check moves or knowledge of pieces,
- additional figures of soldiers to be removed from the board,
- cards with options for moves, order of pieces,
The use of an interesting fairy tale, the characters of which are pieces, is perfect, and each of them will receive a role and actions corresponding to their behavior on the board in the game. The scenario should be thought out and applied constantly, making adjustments to the course of the battle and the options for using the characters of the fairy tale. For small players, the associative series is very important. You can apply this version of the name of the figures and their values:
- the king has a symbol of power - the crown and therefore the most important, everyone must protect him and follow his orders, moves,
- the queen is the queen, is next to the king and is always ready to protect him, has a special status thanks to her crown,
- Rook - two important pillars of defense, directly help in it,
- the elephant is a secret protector, his face is hidden under a scarf, because he has such a shape,
- the horse is a faithful helper and friend,
- pawns are soldiers, ready to be the first to enter the battle.
Using such parallels, we can additionally indicate why exactly each figure should go this way and not otherwise. In the context, children remember the rules better, and the game becomes an adventure for them, spurring interest and a desire to continue it.
Self-education of the kid in online games
Up to 6 years of age, interactive learning is the best choice for the child, it helps to develop his abilities, thought processes and at the same time does not get bored in the process of understanding the world.
There are many computer games that teach chess and enable you to independently master these skills using a PC.
The principle of such a game is based on the presence of heroes who accompany the baby in a world where chess pieces reign and he lives by their rules. Acquaintance with the rules is gradual and enthralling, as it involves obtaining certain bonuses along with knowledge, as well as the ability to save, win, and help someone, which positively affects the development of social skills.
Popular options for online learning games for children are:
- Aladdin - magic chess,
- Dinosaurs teach chess
- Chess country.
Important Tips for Parents on Learning a Chess Game from the Ground Up
Parents who want to teach their baby this game should understand that their personal example and sequence of actions will be the key to future success. You should use the experience of teachers of chess schools and adhere to the following rules when teaching children:
- balance between victories and losses to accustom the child to the possibilities of both options,
- set a time frame for learning and adhere to the regimen,
- show off additional sources where you can apply or create shapes,
- discuss the moves and actions in the process and at the end of the game,
- praise the achievements of the crumbs,
- buy a new and beautiful board, preferably with large figures, it’s easier to perceive and study,
- Do not rush to participate in the tournament as soon as you learn the rules, since there is a high probability of psychological trauma.
Do not neglect the peculiarities of your kid’s worldview and his inclinations, as chess is not interesting for everyone.