Useful Tips

Digestive problems - bowel spasm


Is it normal to feel abdominal pain during pregnancy?

Accidental abdominal pain during pregnancy is a frequent and often harmless complaint, but it can also be a sign of a serious problem. Never ignore severe or persistent abdominal pain.

Call your doctor if your pain persists after a few minutes of rest, or if you have any of the following symptoms:

  • Bleeding from ow @ agalisch
  • Unusual discharge from ow @ corridor
  • Chills or fever
  • Dizziness
  • Pain or discomfort when urinating
  • Nausea and vomiting

Is it normal to have mild cramping pain during pregnancy?

Yes, slight pain with cramps in early pregnancy is common. Later during pregnancy, cramps can be a harmless Braxton-Hicks contractions or pain in a round ligament. And occasional mild cramps during pregnancy without any other symptoms are generally safe.

When is it not normal to have pain with cramps during pregnancy?

It is not normal to have cramps during pregnancy with pain that is severe, persistent, or is accompanied by other symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, vaginal bleeding, headache, or fever. Pain in convulsions and vaginal bleeding in early pregnancy can be a sign of an ectopic pregnancy or miscarriage.

It is also not normal to have pain in the upper abdomen. And if your stomach is unusually sensitive to touch, especially when the pressure is relieved, the culprit may be a serious infection of the abdominal cavity - peritonitis.

What causes harmless abdominal pain during pregnancy?

Not all abdominal pains during pregnancy are a sign of a serious problem. Common causes of minor abdominal pain include:

Flatulence and bloating. You are much more likely to experience bloating during pregnancy due to hormones that slow down your digestion and the pressure of the growing uterus on your stomach and intestines.

Constipation: Pregnancy hormones that slow down your digestion and the pressure of your growing uterus on the rectum can lead to constipation.

Cramping during orgasm: You may notice slight cramping during or immediately after orgasm. As long as it is soft and short-lived, it is completely normal and there is nothing to worry about.

Pain in the round ligament. Pain in a round ligament is usually a short, sharp, stitching pain or dull pain that you can feel on one or both sides of the lower abdomen or deep in the groin. This usually starts in the second trimester when the ligaments in your pelvis that support your uterus begin to stretch and thicken to adapt to its growing size.

You may feel short, sharp pain if you suddenly change position, for example, when you get out of bed or get out of a chair, or when you cough, roll over in bed or leave the bath. Or you may feel dull pain after a particularly active day. Call your doctor if this discomfort continues even after you rest.

Braxton Hicks Abbreviations: in the middle of pregnancy, you may occasionally feel constriction in the uterus. Up to 37 weeks, these Braxton Hicks contractions should be rare, irregular, and substantially painless. (Once you get close to the date of delivery, this type of cramp during pregnancy can be a sign of childbirth.)

Call your provider if:

  • The contractions are accompanied by back pain.
  • You feel more than six contractions per hour (even if they are not painful).
  • Reductions occur at regular intervals.
  • You also have vaginal discharge or bleeding.
  • You have other signs of premature birth.

What serious problems cause abdominal pain during pregnancy?

Ectopic pregnancy

An ectopic pregnancy occurs when a fertilized egg is implanted outside the uterus, usually into one of the fallopian tubes. This can cause cramps in early pregnancy and other symptoms.

If untreated, an ectopic pregnancy can be life threatening.

Call your doctor right away if you have any of the following symptoms:

  • Pain in the abdomen or in the pelvic area (especially acute, sudden pain that does not go away, comes and goes, or happens on one side only)
  • Bloody discharge or bleeding from vl @ corpus
  • Pain that intensifies during physical activity or during bowel movement or coughing
  • Pain in the shoulder (from the accumulation of blood under the diaphragm caused by rupture of the fallopian tube)
  • Call 911 if you have heavy bleeding or signs of shock. These include rapid pulse, dizziness, fainting, and pale clammy skin.


A miscarriage is a loss of pregnancy in the first 20 weeks. Blood stains or hemorrhage from the ov @ pantyhose is usually the first symptom accompanied by abdominal pain from several hours to several days later.

Bleeding can be light or severe. The pain may be spasmodic or persistent, mild or acute. It may also be more like lower back pain or pelvic pressure.

Call your doctor if you have signs of a miscarriage. If you have severe pain or heavy bleeding, you should be examined immediately.

Premature birth

If you have any of the following symptoms, call your doctor immediately:

  • An increase in the amount or type of vaginal discharge (may be watery, mucous, or bloody).
  • Blood stains or bleeding from vl @ corpus
  • Abdominal pain, including what is felt as periodic cramping
  • More than six contractions per hour (even if they do not hurt)
  • Increased pelvic pressure
  • Low back pain, especially if you have not had back pain before
  • Tide or trickle of aqueous humor from ow @ corpus

Placental abruption

Placental abruption is a life-threatening condition in which the placenta is separated from the uterus partially or completely before the birth of the baby.

Symptoms can vary widely. Sometimes placental abruption causes sudden and obvious bleeding. But in other cases, there may first be no noticeable bleeding, or you may only have light bleeding or blood stains.

You may also have back pain or frequent contractions. Your uterus may contract and remain firm (for example, cramps or contractions that do not go away) or feel sore. You may also notice that your child’s activity is becoming less frequent.

If you experience any of these symptoms, call your doctor right away. Placental abruption is an emergency medical care.


Preeclampsia is a serious pregnancy complication that causes changes in your blood vessels and can affect organs, including the liver, kidneys, brain, and placenta. You are diagnosed with preeclampsia if after 20 weeks of pregnancy you have high blood pressure and protein in your urine, liver or kidney abnormalities, persistent headaches, or changes in vision.

Symptoms may include:

  • Severe pain in the upper abdomen or shoulder
  • Severe headache that does not go away
  • Changes in vision (e.g. blurred vision or vision of spots or stars)
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Labored breathing
  • Swelling on the face or swelling around the eyes
  • More than a slight swelling in your hands
  • Sudden and severe swelling in the legs or ankles
  • Sudden rapid weight gain (from water retention)

If you have symptoms of preeclampsia, call your doctor right away.

Urethra infection

Pregnancy makes you more susceptible to urinary tract infections of all kinds, including kidney infections. If you think you may have a bladder infection, it is important to call your doctor as this can lead to kidney infection, which can lead to serious illness and premature birth if left untreated.

Symptoms of a bladder infection may include:

  • Pain, discomfort, or burning when urinating
  • Pelvic pain or pain in the lower abdomen (often just above the pubic bone)
  • Frequent or uncontrolled urination
  • Turbid, foul-smelling or bloody urine

See your doctor right away if you have any of the following signs that the infection could have spread to your kidneys:

  • High fever, often with trembling, chills, or sweat
  • Pain in the lower back, abdomen, or side under the ribs
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Pus or blood in urine

Other causes of abdominal pain during pregnancy

Many other conditions can cause abdominal pain, whether you are pregnant or not. Some of the most common causes of abdominal pain during pregnancy include:

  • Stomach virus
  • Food poisoning
  • Appendicitis
  • Stones in the kidneys
  • Hepatitis
  • Gallbladder disease
  • Pancreatitis
  • Myoma
  • Bowel obstruction

Both gallbladder disease and pancreatitis are often the result of gallstones, which are more common during pregnancy. Myoma can grow during pregnancy and cause discomfort. And the pressure of the growing uterus on previously scarred intestinal tissue can cause intestinal obstruction, which is likely to happen in the third trimester.

What can you do to relieve abdominal pain during pregnancy?

If you have slight pain and do not have symptoms of something more serious, try the following tips to relieve stomach pain:

  1. Move around or do light exercises to relieve the pain of bloating.
  2. Take a warm (not hot) bath or shower.
  3. Bend over to relieve pain.
  4. Drink plenty of fluids. (Dehydration can cause Braxton Hicks contractions.)
  5. Try to lie down. This can relieve the pain caused by Braxton Hicks contractions.

Intestinal spasm, causes

Normally, intestinal contractions occur with peristaltic waves: ebb-flow. Muscles of different departments work alternately: from the duodenum to the sigmoid colon. The rectum is not involved in the act of peristalsis, and the reduction of the sphincter does not apply to the manifestation of intestinal colic. Intestinal spasm develops with exorbitant irritation of the walls of the intestinal tract, which is caused by the following harmful substances:

  • Poisons
  • Parasites
  • Heavy metal salts,
  • Bacteria and viruses
  • Decay products of intestinal walls in case of circulatory disturbance.

During stressful reactions, in extremely rare cases, intestinal cramps develop, the symptoms of which are manifested in the form of profuse loose stools. Basically, a similar reaction is characteristic of animals. Only people of creative professions suffering from neurasthenia can manifest a “bear disease”.

Bowel cramps, symptoms

The following symptoms are characteristic of irritable bowel syndrome:

  • The appearance of pain around the navel
  • A feeling of heaviness in the lower abdomen
  • Constipation,
  • Diarrhea,
  • Flatulence,
  • Belching by air, nausea and vomiting.

In severe cases, a headache occurs, chills and cold sweat appear. If intestinal spasm is provoked by acute intestinal obstruction or thrombosis of the vessels of the mesentery, the symptoms increase instantly. Pain spreads throughout the abdomen, the anterior abdominal wall tenses. With this development of the disease, the “lull period” is especially dangerous, during which the pain disappears. Loss of sensitivity of the intestinal mucosa indicates the death of receptors due to necrosis.

Bowel spasm, treatment

With intestinal colic, it is necessary to relieve pain, and then undergo an examination to identify the cause of intestinal irritation. In acute pains, one must act differently. On the contrary, it is forbidden to take all painkillers that smooth the clinical picture. It is possible to determine independently whether an intestinal spasm has occurred or if a surgical pathology begins that requires immediate surgery. If the symptoms are smoothed out, the onset of pain is clearly related to food intake, one should think that the cause is intestinal spasm, the treatment of which is carried out without surgery.

How to relieve intestinal spasm at home

In self-help, but not self-medication (!), The following measures are recommended:

  • A warm enema, if possible, with a decoction of lemon balm or mint,
  • Candle in the rectum with belladonna,
  • No-shp tablet.

As a rule, if the spasm of the small intestine is not provoked by an infection or toxins, the pain disappears after a single loose stool or gas discharge. In the absence of effect, the dosage should not be increased. Need to call an ambulance. Medical specialists know how to relieve intestinal spasm without smoothing the clinical picture.

In no case should you put a heating pad on your stomach. This will not solve the problem, but will aggravate the course of the disease.

Despite the fact that intestinal colic is determined throughout the abdomen, there are some differences between the thin and thick sections of the intestine.

Small bowel spasm

With irritation of the mucous membrane of the small intestine, fluid absorption is impaired, as a result of which diarrhea develops. As a protective reaction of the body, vomiting appears.

A developing spasm of the small intestine is characterized by bloating, uterine rumbling, headache, and a decrease in blood pressure.

As a result of indomitable vomiting and diarrhea, the body loses fluid and important electrolytes, including calcium. Cross-striated muscle cramps are added to intestinal colic. The calf muscles respond first. General weakness is rapidly developing. With viral and bacterial infections, body temperature rises.

Pain relievers are used to relieve spasm of the small intestine, and saline solutions are administered intravenously to treat dehydration.

Large bowel spasm

Involvement in the process of the large intestine is accompanied by an increase in the urge to defecate, which are interspersed with constipation. With irritation of the large intestine, in which feces are formed, after defecation, patients feel incomplete emptying.

When a spasm of the colon acquires a chronic course, anemia develops in the human body, and blood coagulation is impaired. This is due to a lack of vitamins that are synthesized in the colon cavity.

Intestinal Spasm Prevention

In order to prevent intestinal colic, it is recommended to establish a diet and diversify the diet. The products necessary for normal peristalsis contain an increased amount of fiber. In addition, eating fiber-rich foods reduces the burden on the digestive system. Also, for the digestion of plant foods does not require a large number of enzymes and bile acids.

To exclude the appearance of intestinal cramps, one should take food 4-5 times a day, in such an amount as to leave the table with a slight feeling of hunger. At the same time, there is no need at all to refuse meat dishes. A variety of foods stimulates normal peristalsis, eliminating convulsive bowel contractions.

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Svetlana, you have nothing to worry about. It is impossible to feel the release of gastric juice after muscle contraction, for the simple reason that it is not ejected by the muscles. There are no painful spasms either.

Svetlana, you have nothing to worry about. It is impossible to feel the release of gastric juice after muscle contraction, for the simple reason that it is not ejected by the muscles. There are no painful spasms either.

In this case, you need to undergo a gastroenterological examination and find out the cause of what is happening.

Good afternoon! I have the same problem, doctors say nothing. Maybe you have something decided?

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