Useful Tips

Home soap


Our experienced team of editors and researchers contributed to this article and tested it for accuracy and completeness.

The wikiHow content management team carefully monitors the work of editors to ensure that each article meets our high quality standards.

Milo is a Nestlé chocolate milk drink. He appeared in Australia and is very popular in many countries of the world, including Asia, Oceania, Africa and Latin America. Milo is a universal drink, and there are many different ways to make it, as many as people who love it. In this article, we will tell you about the three most common ways to make this drink and teach you how to make popular varieties of chilled Milo, including Milo Dinosaur and Milo Godzilla.

Base oil for home soap

Olive, castor, almond and some other types of oil are used as the base oil for homemade soaps. According to the basic recipe for 200 g of soap base is one teaspoon of oil. Too much oil degrades the properties of soap, it will foam worse.

Choose oil based on your own preferences and useful properties that you expect from your home soap. We are primarily interested in how different types of oil affect the skin.

Consider the properties of the most popular oils in home soap production:

  • olive softens the skin, rarely causes allergies,
  • coconut smoothes wrinkles, protects against ultraviolet radiation,
  • castor bleaches, rejuvenates the skin of the face,
  • almond moisturizes, tightens enlarged pores,
  • eucalyptus heals acne,
  • palm has a beneficial effect on the skin due to the large amount of vitamin E.

Natural dyes for home soap

To give homemade soap the desired color, add natural dyes made from foods: decoctions, spices or juices.

  • coffee or cocoa for coffee and chocolate shades,
  • chamomile broth for yellow,
  • curry spices or saffron for a brighter yellow tint,
  • parsley or dill juice for green,
  • beetroot or carrot juice - for pink and orange.

In addition to color, dyes give home soap additional beneficial properties.

For example, cocoa smoothes wrinkles, parsley juice whitens, chamomile broth has disinfecting and soothing properties.
Some plants that have a beautiful initial color change it when used as a dye to another, not too pleasant in appearance. For this reason, do not take the hibiscus or red rose petals. The result does not live up to expectations.

There are ready-made dry and liquid pigment dyes on sale. Dry dye is mixed with oil or glycerin before use. With the help of dyes, colors that are not found in nature are obtained.

All about soap making and home-made soap for beginners

Recipes for beginners, how to cook soap at home are not very different from each other. The difference is when to add oils, fragrances or herbs to the mixture. The most ordinary soap that you can make is a soap-free product that does not have an aroma. Soap basethere are two colors - colorless and white. Glycerin enters colorless, white consists of oils: coconut or palm. You can buy a base for soap at retail outlets for needlework. The process of making soap at home with your own prescription requires some skills and care.

Aggressive alkali, which is part of the composition, can cause injuries to the hands and eyes of a person.

The following components are combined in the final product:

Vegetable fats, animals,
Soda (caustic),

In the process, saponification of fats occurs and we get soap in the form in which we are all used to using it.

Additional Ingredients for Soap Making

Various components are added to home soap for greater benefit, pleasant smell and beauty. You can add the petals of dried or fresh flowers, honey, glycerin, cocoa, cream, on average, one teaspoon per 100 g of soap.

In order for home-made soap to have a scrub effect, you can put coarse-grained coffee or ground grape seeds in the mixture. Soap shops sell ready-made powders from plant or mineral raw materials for addition to the soap mixture.

How to make homemade handmade soap for a beginner’s recipe?

Many housewives reheat the remaining remnants and make of them cubes that can still be used. However, here is a recipe for homemade soap from scratch until completion.

The list contains everything you need for soap making at home:

Coconut or palm oil - 0.5 kg,
Olive oil - 0.5 kg,
Caustic soda - 0.158 kg,
Distilled water - 0.5 L,
Essential oil (any) - 2 tsp.

To work with components, prepare the following inventory:

Enameled three-liter capacity,
Another enameled container for 1 - 2 liters.,
Glass half jar,
Blender (mixer),
Silicone (wooden) spatula for stirring,
Kitchen thermometer,
Scales capable of showing accurate to 2 grams,
Cookie cutters. They can be made of wood or silicone.

As already mentioned, the soap making process at home according to recipes for beginners is not a completely safe task. Therefore, it is better if no one bothers you to concentrate. Observe safety precautions when handling hot or chemical substances.. Put on an apron, latex gloves, cover the table with oilcloth. Open in the room where the window is going to work. Choose a place in the house where there is a tap with running water. For work, stock up on two hours of free time.

What else is needed for home soap making

  • a container for heating the mixture at home in a water bath, it’s good if it is with a spout like a teapot,
  • silicone molds
  • alcohol in a container with a spray for lubricating molds and layers of soap, if it is supposed to be multilayer,
  • sticks made of wood or glass to mix the mixture,
  • thermometer for hot liquid.

Soap making lessons for beginners from scratch - step by step

Soap baseput in a three liter pan and heat on low heat until it melts without lumps. The melting temperature should not exceed 90 ° C. Set the mass aside and cool to 60 ° C,
At the same time prepare alkali solution. Take caustic soda strictly in the quantity indicated. Pour water into the jar (distilled), and gradually add soda. The procedure is exactly this - water, and soda into the water, and not vice versa. Stir the solution until the soda dissolves. The main thing is to take a strictly defined amount of soda. In any case, you will succeed in soap, but instead of a useful cosmetic product you will receive an aggressive substance. And more than necessary amount of fat will make the soap perishable,
Carefully pour alkali into the dissolved base. While you mix the mixture, stir it with a silicone spoon. You will see that in the saucepan the solution has turned white. Now beat it with a mixer until the consistency of thick sour cream. It is at this point that add the essential oil or cream that you have chosen. But for the first experiment, still use oil,
Prepare molds and pour liquid soap into them. Wrap them in cloth and place them in a warm place. Preferably on the battery or on the windowsill under the sun for a day. Carefully remove the soap from the mold and cut it into pieces that are convenient for you.

The soap should “ripen” in a cool dark place (not in the refrigerator) for up to three months.

During this time, a process of decreasing alkali activity occurs in the soap, and it acquires the correct dense structure.

To understand whether the soap is ready to use or not, try it on the tongue. If it is pinching, then leave it to “ripen” for another day.

DIY soap making recipes from baby soap with a photo

For those who have thoroughly decided to study the process of soap making, but don’t know where to start and have never done this before, one can advise learn the basicssoap making from baby soap. The scope for creativity here is huge. In addition, children's soap does not contain substances harmful to the skin. You can make soap with different washing-up fillers, body scrub soap, liquid soap for daily hand washing, etc. It all depends on your imagination.

To do this, you need the following list of ingredients:

Take baby soap as a base, which contains as few additives and flavorings as possible,
The second component that forms the basis of soap is any vegetable oil. As a rule, they use olive oil, but you can take almond, lavender, grape seed oil and any other. For 0.2 kg of baby soap, take two tablespoons of oil,
The liquid in which the base will dissolve may be different. Usually take milk or water. But you can use decoctions of different herbs that are more suitable for your skin type (calendula, chamomile, string, etc.). The amount of liquid should equal the amount of soap base,
As a fragrance, take your favorite perfume, special essences that you can buy in the needlework store, vanillin, cinnamon, honey,
For those who want to make soap of a certain color, we advise you to take food coloring or special dyes for soap makers,
To decorate pieces of soap, come up with a decor - rose petals, special sparkles, fruit slices, etc.,
If you make a soap scrub, the components for it can be slept and filtered fine-ground coffee, menthol, healing mud, etc.,
Forms for the finished soap.

Step-by-step instructions for soap making

Use the following instructions for cooking soap:

  1. The basis for soap is cut into pieces and melted in a water bath. Do not heat more than 60 degrees so that no bubbles appear.
  2. Add soap making oil, dye, and additional ingredients.
  3. Sprinkle the mold with alcohol and pour the mixture. If the soap is multi-layered, after the previous layer has hardened, also moisten it with alcohol.
  4. Put the mold with the soap mixture for two hours in a cool place, but not in the freezer.
  5. Get homemade soap from the mold, holding it in hot water for 1-2 minutes.
  6. Leave it to dry on paper for two days, but not in the sun.

Store the finished homemade soap in a carton or cling film.

Do not keep the finished product in the sun, it is better to put it in a dark, cool place, then it will retain color and smell longer.

Remember, the shelf life of soaps made from natural ingredients produced at home is shorter than the factory one.

Natural homemade soap can be used by children, but it is better to wash children's things with safe Chistown baby powder.

We make a beautiful decorative soap with our own hands at home

Buy a piece of baby soap weighing 100 grams. Rub it on a coarse grater or chop finely with a food processor,
Put soapy crumbs in enameled dishes, and pour the chosen liquid into it. Stir everything thoroughly. Place a saucepan with the mixture over the steam for half an hour. If the soap does not melt well, add a teaspoon of honey or granulated sugar. Instead of steam, you can put a clay bowl with the mixture in the microwave for three minutes. After that, set the mode "heating" three times in half a minute. Removing the bowl from the stove, you should see a completely homogeneous mass of creamy consistency,
Allow the mixture to cool for 15 minutes. After that, add essential oils, perfumes, dyes, and all that you have chosen to prepare the product. Thoroughly mix the ingredients, and pour into molds. To soap well departed from the sides of the forms, you need to lubricate them with petroleum jelly. If you decide to make marble soap, divide the bulk by the number of colors available. Mix the soap with the color, and fill each color step by step into the mold. You can decorate the soap with decorative inserts - sequins, small toys, dry flowers etc.,
The drying and hardening of the soap takes about a day and a half.

But if you go too far with liquid or oils, then it will remain soft. In this case, you can put the forms with soap in the freezer for an hour.

After that, put the soap on a clean gauze or towel (not terry).

Cooking methods

Before you find out how to cook soap at home, we will consider all currently known methods for producing this cosmetic product.

  1. Photo: soap making at home

The most affordable, as well as the easiest way is digestion. Soap made using this technique is not entirely natural. To make it, they take baby soap and add to it various ingredients, which we talked about in the previous subparagraph. Ultimately, the product becomes softer, more gentle and more enjoyable to use.

  • Making soap in the second way involves using a soap base. This is the least time-consuming and very convenient way, especially for beginner soap-makers.
  • The third method is suitable for more experienced people. To put it into practice it is necessary to have certain knowledge of working with alkalis, observe safety precautions and, of course, have a lot of time. If you do not have a chemist diploma and just want to show your imagination - stop at the first two methods. And about how to make soap for beginners we will tell you now.
  • Two examples of homemade soap recipes

    In this section, we offer two good recipes for making soap at home.
    Soap with a scrub effect:

    • any foundation
    • 30 ml of lanolin oil,
    • 5 ml of rose oil,
    • a tablespoon of ground almonds,
    • one teaspoon of ground oatmeal.

    Coffee home soap:

    • base for home soap
    • 1 ml vanilla oil
    • 2 ml of ylang-ylang oil,
    • 5 ml apricot oil
    • a teaspoon of ground coffee,
    • half a teaspoon of honey.

    The process of making homemade soap is interesting and exciting. This is a great occasion to spend time together with your children.

    Natural dyes for soap

    For colored soap, there are many artificial or food colors that are sold in stores. It is absolutely certain that it is easier to use them - buy and add. But these dyes do not have useful properties, and quickly lose color. How to make a decorative soap with your own hands at home in a bright and saturated color with useful properties?

    From natural dyes, the following can be listed:

    Beetroot juice gives soap pinkish color of different shades,
    Chamomile flowers will color the soap in cream or yellowish color,
    Chamomile essential oil will give soap blue color. Its intensity varies depending on the amount of ether added,
    Ground saffron or curry will give soap not only bright Orange color, but also add a touch of spicy smell to your soap,
    In order to achieve green shade, use basil, parsley, dill or spinach.

    DIY soap and soap making for beginners - ideas with photos

    Using all the handmade soap recipes listed below, follow the procedure described above.

    Honey soap with milk.

    By themselves, these components are the key to the health and beauty of the skin. But they feed, as a rule, from within. So why not use them as a daily care product. A gentle, with a delicious aroma soap will appeal to every woman. So, for the preparation of soap, you need to take the following ingredients:

    Bar of baby soap - 100 g.,
    Milk - the third part of a two hundred gram glass,
    Buckwheat honey (you can use any) - 1 tablespoon,
    Shea butter or sea buckthorn - 2 tsp.,
    Liquid glycerin - 1 tsp,
    Oil of orange or lemon - 15 cap.

    Sea buckthorn oil is an antiseptic with wound healing properties. In addition, it gives the soap a bright orange color.

    Chocolate soap with coffee and milk.

    This is a gentle scrub recipe that will help to easily exfoliate keratinized particles of the skin. Using this soap, you can do anti-cellulite massage.

    Take the components for soap in the following proportions:

    Baby soap - 100 g.,
    Milk - 100 ml.,
    Ground coffee - 1 tsp,
    Cinnamon or Cocoa Butter - 1 tbsp.,
    Ether of vanilla or chocolate - 5 cap.

    Add a few drops of chocolate dye to this soap to make it feel warm chocolate.

    Cinnamon Soap with Cream.

    This recipe with a creamy soap base is designed to gently care for sensitive skin prone to allergic reactions.

    The aroma of cinnamon will warm you and create an atmosphere of spicy comfort.

    Baby soap - 100 g.,
    Olive oil or corn - 2 tsp.,
    Moisturizing cream - 0.5 tsp,
    Vitamin E (available at the pharmacy) - 1 caps.,
    Cinnamon or Cocoa Butter - 10 drops.

    Add caramel dye for beauty.

    Peach soap with rose petals.

    A gentle, pleasant soap with a delicate aroma of peach and rose. A wonderful gift for mom or girlfriend.

    Baby soap - 200 g.,
    Peach ether - 1 tbsp.,
    Ether of roses - 5 cap.,
    Dye yellow or pink,
    Rose petals.

    Cook the recipe. Divide into 2 parts - one larger, the other smaller. Beat and add dyes to each mass. Put a thin layer of soap in one layer in the form, shift with rose petals, fill in another layer on top, repeat the procedure with the petals, and fill the form to the very top. According to the same recipe, you can make figured lavender soap for mom with your own hands.. Only instead of rose petals, put sprigs of lavender, and change the dye to purple.

    Soap with cucumber.

    Cucumber juice has antiseptic and nutritional properties. Therefore, with daily use, you will forget about peeling and dryness of your skin. You can add basil herb to this composition to add flavor and color.

    Baby soap - 100 g.,
    Juice of one cucumber
    Olive oil - 1 tbsp.,
    Basil (dry) 1 tbsp (crush)
    Patchouli essential oil - 3 cap.

    Ordinary, but so diverse soap

    An interesting recipe for handmade soap from a soap base - soap balls For bathroom.

    They gently care for your skin, exude your favorite scent and are a reflection of your personality.

    To make balls for the bathroom:

    Baking soda,
    Citric acid
    Starch (preferably corn),
    Favorite Essential Oil
    Cookie cutters (round).

    The procedure is as follows:

    Combine soda, acid and starch in an enameled bowl, mix everything,
    Pour essential oils into the spray bottle,
    While stirring bulk ingredients, spray oil on them. Try the readiness with your fingers - if the mixture between them sticks, go to the next step,
    Add decorations or additional components to the mass (lemon wedges, ground zest, rose petals, cucumber rings, etc.),
    Put the mass in the molds
    Refrigerate for 6 hours,
    Take the soap balls out of the molds and put in a cool place for 24 hours,
    Fold in a plastic bag and in a cool place.

    Before collecting the bath, put a soap ball (or two) in it.

    Homemade Liquid Soap Recipe quite simple. We mix coconut and olive oil in equal proportions, add water and shea butter to the desired consistency. In a water bath we heat the mixture, thoroughly mixing, add alkali and potassium to it. Beat the composition with a blender until a homogeneous, almost transparent mixture is obtained and leave to cool.

    A start! Now you can make a beautiful, fragrant and beautiful soap at home. No need to experiment, and be afraid that the additives, stabilizers and perfumes of store skincare products will harm you, causing allergies. Then everything depends on your imagination and ingenuity. “Conjure” over your works of soap art, please yourself and your loved ones with beautiful and fragrant gifts. Invent new recipes. For the flight of creative imagination, nature has everything: herbs, essential oils, flowers, milk, honey, fruits or vegetables. Having tried to cook the soap with your own hands once, you are unlikely to refuse this in the future.

    How to cook soap at home? Cooking technology

    The first step to be taken is to cut the base for the future soap in the form of small pieces. Or you can grate it - so the product melts faster to the desired consistency. Now you need to melt the soap base (this is done in a water bath). Periodically, it needs to be stirred. Add the selected base oil to the soap at the rate of three teaspoons per 100 grams of base.

    All the while basis for soap will be on fire, periodically pour a little cream or milk to it until a creamy mass is formed. You can replace milk with water or herbal decoctions, but in this case, the product may turn out to be insufficiently solid. It is better to use sugar instead of milk and water - so the base will melt better and faster.

    When the soap has completely melted, remove the pan from the stove and add various additional ingredients: essential oils, glycerin (a teaspoon), flavorings, colorings and any other ingredients. In this process, be guided exclusively by your taste preferences.

    Then pour the product into the molds and sprinkle alcohol on top, this will eliminate the appearance of bubbles on the surface. Leave the soap in the molds until it hardens completely, you can also put it in the refrigerator or just in a cool place. After about two to three days, it will completely harden and will be suitable for use.

    1. Honey-ginger soap with cinnamon and cloves

    To prepare it, you will need the following ingredients:

    • plastic cup (as a mold),
    • soap base - 100 milliliters,
    • glycerin - one teaspoon,
    • honey - one teaspoon,
    • half a teaspoon of chopped cinnamon, ginger and cloves.

    Melt the soap base in a water bath (a microwave can be used as an alternative). Then pour glycerin into a glass of melted base, mix well. Add honey, as well as ginger, cloves and cinnamon to the mix. Pour the resulting soapy liquid into a cup and place in the freezer for 60 minutes. When the product hardens, carefully remove it from the cup and enjoy the result.

    2. Cleansing soap

    Due to its components, the product has pronounced antibacterial properties, ideal for owners of problem skin, on which acne often appears.

    Essential Ingredients:

    • bar of baby soap - 100 grams,
    • water - 400 milliliters,
    • on a tablespoon of camphor and ammonia,
    • half a tablespoon of citric acid,
    • glycerin - one tablespoon,
    • hydrogen peroxide - 100 milliliters.

    Baby soap should be grated, and then pour into a saucepan, pour water on top. Leave to stand for 3-4 hours, so that the soap is slightly acidified in water, then move to a water bath where it is brought to complete melting.

    Then you need to add citric acid, as well as ammonia and camphor, mix all the ingredients very well and remove the pan from the stove. At the very end, pour in a thin stream of hydrogen peroxide, you can also add a few tablespoons of tea tree oil. Once again, mix the mixture very carefully and pour into the molds. The soap will solidify completely in about two days.

    5. Coconut Soap

    It will require the following components:

    • bar of baby soap,
    • water - 200-250 milliliters,
    • three tablespoons of coconut flakes, as well as vanilla and coconut oil.

    As in previous cases, three soap on a grater, heat in a water bath, then pour water. Grind coconut flakes with a coffee grinder. Remove the molten soap from the stove, add chips, vanilla and coconut oil to it. Thoroughly mix the resulting mixture and pour into molds. In this recipe, you can replace water with milk, then you will get a more delicate foam and a rich coconut smell.

    6. Soap with anti-cellulite effect

    It is prepared from the following components:

    • baby soap - 100 grams,
    • water - 50 milliliters,
    • olive oil - two tablespoons,
    • ground coffee and sea coarse salt - two tablespoons each.

    First, rub the bar of baby soap, put it on a water bath. Then add olive oil and pour a boiling water into a thin stream. Do not stop interfering with the mass throughout the preparation. Wait until the mixture is homogeneous, then remove from heat and add coffee and salt. Again, mix everything and pour into molds, leave to harden for 2-3 days.

    Such a soap helps fight cellulite, it must be used several times a week. But do not forget that sea salt, which is part of the product, can greatly dry the skin. Therefore, after applying the soap, it is recommended to use a moisturizing body milk or a caring lotion.

    Now you know exactly how to cook soap at home. We hope that the information obtained from this article will be useful to you and help to create real soap masterpieces in your kitchen.